Special Issue "Humanities and Healthcare"

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2017

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Ian Walsh

School of Medicine, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: medicine and humanities; cognition and metacognition; patient safety; healthcare education
Guest Editor
Dr. Helen Noble

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: chronic kidney disease; palliative care; qualitative research methods; mixed methods; end of life care

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Healthcare involves humans, with human–human and human–machine interactions. This is only one explanation for why healthcare is neither an exact science, nor an entirely artistic pursuit. Effective clinical practice demands mastery of both technical and nontechnical skills, within a complex hierarchy of human interactions. Healthcare systems have evolved in a convoluted fashion, rendering them often opaque and confusing. Central characteristics of healthcare provision, such as compassion and empathy, further complicate the picture. Cracks can appear in a façade that is increasingly (and rightly) concerned with patient safety; it is within these cracks that potential for improvement exists.

Collaboration of healthcare with the arts and humanities augments education and practice, simultaneously providing an invaluable substrate for the humanities; exemplified by humanito-centric narratives and sociomedical interactions. Immersion in arts and humanities allows for a freeing and expansion of cognitive processing for healthcare practitioners, as well as facilitating a deeper appreciation of the human condition. Creative artists can further improve healthcare provision in this way; beyond extant arts-based therapeutic interventions.

Dr. Ian Walsh
Dr. Helen Noble
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • medical humanities
  • arts and medicine
  • arts in healthcare
  • interdisciplinary learning

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Healtheatre: Drama and Medicine in Concert
Healthcare 2017, 5(3), 37; doi:10.3390/healthcare5030037 (registering DOI)
Received: 28 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 24 July 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
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Abstract
Introduction: Clinical practice includes expressing empathy and understanding key features of humanity, such as mortality and illness. The Stanislavski “System” of actor training negotiates a journey from the unconscious via feeling, will and intellect to a proposed supertask. This study explored these areas
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Introduction: Clinical practice includes expressing empathy and understanding key features of humanity, such as mortality and illness. The Stanislavski “System” of actor training negotiates a journey from the unconscious via feeling, will and intellect to a proposed supertask. This study explored these areas during collaborative learning amongst undergraduate medical and drama students. Materials and Methods: Each of two interactive sessions involved teams of final year medical students rotating through challenging simulated clinical scenarios, enacted by undergraduate drama students, deploying key techniques from the Stanslavski system of actor training. Team assessment of performance was via a ratified global scoring system and dynamic debriefing techniques. Results: Medical students reported an enhanced immersive experience within simulated clinical scenarios. Drama students reported increased challenge and immersion within their roles. Medical faculty and standardised patients reported positive utility and value for the approach. Clinical team assessment scores increased by 47% (p < 0.05) with this intervention. Discussion: Qualitative and quantitative data demonstrated the merit and utility of such interdisciplinary learning. All students and faculty appreciated the value of the activity and described enhanced learning. Collaborative dynamic debriefing allowed for a continuation of the immersive experience and allowed for an exploration of arenas such as empathy. Conclusions: The deployment of drama students trained in the Stanislavski system significantly enriched medical and drama student experience and performance. Team assessment scores further demonstrated the effectiveness of this approach. Feedback from students, faculty and standardised patients was uniformly positive. The approach facilitated exploration of empathy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humanities and Healthcare)
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Review

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Open AccessReview Healthcare Engagement as a Potential Source of Psychological Distress among People without Religious Beliefs: A Systematic Review
Healthcare 2017, 5(2), 19; doi:10.3390/healthcare5020019
Received: 9 March 2017 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 24 March 2017 / Published: 5 April 2017
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Abstract
Research into religion and mental health is increasing, but nonbelievers in terms of religion are often overlooked. Research has shown that nonbelievers experience various forms of psychological distress and that the negative perception of nonbelievers by others is a potential source of distress.
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Research into religion and mental health is increasing, but nonbelievers in terms of religion are often overlooked. Research has shown that nonbelievers experience various forms of psychological distress and that the negative perception of nonbelievers by others is a potential source of distress. This review builds on that research by identifying another potential source of psychological distress for nonbelievers: engagement with the healthcare system. Poor understanding of nonbelievers by healthcare professionals may lead to impaired communication in the healthcare setting, resulting in distress. Attempts by nonbelievers to avoid distress may result in different patterns of healthcare utilization. Awareness of these concerns may help healthcare providers to minimize distress among their nonbelieving patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humanities and Healthcare)
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