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Special Issue "Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells 2018"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 February 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Francesco Lufrano

CNR-ITAE Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “N. Giordano”, Via Salita S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, Messina 98126, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: direct alcohol fuel cells systems; polymer electrolytes and membranes; nano carbon materials; fuel cell electrochemistry; electrochemical supercapacitors; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Guest Editor
Dr. Antonino S. Aricò

CNR-ITAE Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “N. Giordano”, Via Salita S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, Messina 98126, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: direct alcohol fuel cells systems; fuel cell electrocatalysts; physico-chemical properties of fuel cell components; reaction kinetics; portable systems; distributed energy generation; electrochemical analysis
Guest Editor
Dr. Vincenzo Baglio

CNR-ITAE Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “N. Giordano”, Via Salita S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, Messina 98126, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: direct alcohol fuel cells; electrocatalysis; polymer electrolyte fuel cells; water electrolysis; metal–air batteries; dye-sensitized solar cells; photo-electrolysis; carbon dioxide electro-reduction

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

“Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells 2018” is a continuation of the previous and successful Special Issue, “Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells”. Direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are emerging technologies for electrochemical conversion of the chemical energy of an alcohol fuel, directly into electrical energy, with a low environmental impact and high-energy efficiency. However, before this technology can reach a large-scale diffusion, specific issues related to its unsatisfactory electrochemical performance, the high cost of cell components and limited fuel cell durability must be solved. In a direct alcohol fuel cell system, high capital costs are mainly derived from the use of noble metal catalysts, perfluorosulfonate polymer electrolyte membranes and expensive bipolar plates. Therefore, the development of cost-effective and highly performing polymer electrolyte membranes, enhanced electro-catalysts and cheap bipolar plates, satisfying the target requirements of high performance and durability, represents an important challenge. The research is currently addressed to cost-effective materials, such as novel hydrocarbon membranes, low precious metal loading electrodes, non-platinum catalysts for applications in DAFC systems. These can find wide application in portable, distributed and remote electrical energy generation. Papers addressing development components, systems, reaction mechanisms, cost analysis, cross-over, performance and durability of direct alcohol fuel cells are solicited. Technical papers dealing with recent results and advances in the field of alcohol fed fuel cells, featured papers, review articles providing an analysis of the state-of-the-art and future perspectives for this technology are warmly invited. We look forward receiving your contribution.

Dr. Francesco Lufrano
Dr. Antonino S. Aricò
Dr. Vincenzo Baglio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

Fundamentals of direct alcohol fuel cells; reaction mechanisms; fuel cell electrochemistry; polymer electrolyte membranes; electrocatalysts; non noble catalysts; electrodes; alcohol crossover; alcohol electro-oxidation; oxygen reduction reaction in the presence of alcohol; bipolar plates; cell and stack technology; fuel cell systems and applications; numerical modelling and simulation; cost analysis.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Numerical Investigations of the Combined Effects of Flow Rate and Methanol Concentration on DMFC Performance
Energies 2017, 10(8), 1094; doi:10.3390/en10081094
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
PDF Full-text (5656 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A modified 3D numerical model on the energy conversion process in the anode side of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) system was constructed and validated to published experimental results. Systematic simulations were performed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the energy conversion
[...] Read more.
A modified 3D numerical model on the energy conversion process in the anode side of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) system was constructed and validated to published experimental results. Systematic simulations were performed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the energy conversion process, and the combined effects of inlet flow rate and input methanol concentration were summarized systematically. The increase of flow rate was found to be an effective strategy to accelerate the internal flow fields, while the diffusion layer was proposed to be a critical component in the design of high-performance DMFC. The frontier for optimal conditions of DMFC’s output was also determined, which can be helpful to improve the energy conversion performance of DMFC in practical applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells 2018)
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