Special Issue "Battery Integration and Operation in Electro-Mobile Applications"

A special issue of Batteries (ISSN 2313-0105).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 April 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Erik Schaltz

Head of Research Programme in E-Mobility and Industrial Drives, Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Pontoppidanstraede 111, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Website1 | Website2 | Website3 | E-Mail
Interests: lithium batteries; supercapacitors; fuel cells; hybrid and electric vehicles; battery-management-systems; energy management strategies; power electronics; reliability; thermoelectric generators; wireless power transfer

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

During recent years, a slow but steady trend towards the electrification of the transportation sector has begun. Hybrid and electric vehicles have been commercially available for some years and projects of electric buses, trucks, ferries, etc., are also seen. Therefore, batteries have become more and more important in the transportation of people and goods. For the same reason, in order to reduce costs and to increase the safety and reliability, proper integration and operation of batteries in electro-mobile applications also become more and more important. Especially, when the battery capacity increases, as seen in recent electric vehicles.

This Special Issue of Batteries focuses on several aspects regarding battery integration and operation in electro-mobile applications. Topics of interests include, but are not limited to:

  • Pack design, failure mitigation and thermal management of batteries
  • Battery-management-systems (BMSs), e.g., dissipative and non-dissipative balancing topologies and strategies, centralized or distributed configurations, etc.
  • On and offline diagnostic, prognostic and condition monitoring methods on batteries
  • Power electronic converters for batteries, e.g., chargers, step-up converters, equalizers and motors controllers, including novel concepts such as integrating battery cells in multilevel converters
  • Energy management strategies in hybrid electric applications
  • Fast charging topologies, concepts and influence on battery performance
  • Battery lifetime investigation based on specific mission profiles and strategies
  • Experiences on emerging batteries, e.g., Li-S and Mg-ion batteries

Electro-mobile applications include hybrid and electric vehicles, buses, trucks, trains, ferries, airplanes, electric bikes, drones and other mobility solutions.

Assoc. Prof. Erik Schaltz
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Batteries is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Thermal management
  • Battery-management-systems
  • Power electronic converters
  • Fast charging
  • Diagnostic
  • Lifetime investigation
  • Energy management strategies
  • Electro-mobility

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type: Article
Title: Real-Time Implementation of an Extended Kalman Filter and of a Nonlinear Observer for State Estimation of Rechargeable Li-Ion Batteries in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Applications - Benchmark
Authors: Roxana-Elena Tudoroiu 1, Sorin-Mihai Radu 2 and Nicolae Tudoroiu 3,*
Affiliations: 1 University of Petrosani, Petrosani, Romania; tudelena@mail.com
2 University of Petrosani, Petrosani, Romania; sorini_mihai_radu@yahoo.com
* Correspondence: ntudoroiul@gmail.com; Tel.: +1-514-966-5637
Abstract: The Li-Ion battery state-of-charge estimation is an essential task in a continuous dynamic automotive industry for a large-scale and successful marketing of hybrid electric vehicles. Also, the state-of-charge of any rechargeable battery, no matter its chemistry, is an essential condition parameter for battery management system of the hybrid electric vehicle. In this research work we share from our experience accumulated in control systems applications field some preliminary results, especially in modeling, control and state estimation techniques. We investigate the design and the effectiveness of two state-of-charge estimators, namely an Extended Kalman filter and a nonlinear observer, implemented in a real-time MATLAB environment for a particular Li-Ion battery. Definitely, the aim of this work is to find the most suitable estimator in terms of estimation accuracy and robustness to changes in initial conditions (i.e. the initial guess value of battery state-of-charge) and changes in process and measurement noise levels. For comparison purpose the MATLAB simulation results are introduces into a benchmark very useful for a potential estimator choice. The comparison will be done visually based on the graphs and statistically based on the calculus of statistic errors, in terms of root mean square error, mean absolute error, and mean square error.
Keywords: state-of-charge; state estimation; extended Kalman filter; nonlinear observer; hybrid electric vehicle; battery management system; Li-Ion battery; equivalent circuit model

Type: Article
Title: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Structural Batteries for Multirotor Aircraft
Authors: Adam Hollinger and Chris Rahn
Abstract: The low cost, simplicity, and easy use of battery-powered multirotor aircraft has led to their adoption in commercial, industrial, agricultural, and military applications. These aircraft, however, have limited payloads and shorter endurance and range than fuel-powered conventional aircraft. To extend these key performance metrics, a structural battery is developed that uses commercially available battery cells as load bearing and power source elements for weight critical applications. The cylindrical structural battery is tested in three-point bending and found to have four times higher stiffness and two times higher yield strength than the structure without battery reinforcement. Simulations of a quadcopter, redesigned with the proposed cylindrical structural batteries, demonstrate 41% longer flight time in hover.

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