Special Issue "Challenges and Opportunities in Management of Technology and Innovation"

A special issue of Administrative Sciences (ISSN 2076-3387).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (5 January 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Paulo Antônio Zawislak

School of Management, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre - RS, 90040-060, Brazil
Website 1 | Website 2 | E-Mail
Interests: economics of innovation; national systems of innovation; innovation and competitiveness; ecosystems of innovation; management of technology and innovation; technology road mapping and strategic planning of innovation; innovation capabilities

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 21st century is the century of innovation. Scientific novelty, new devices, new technologies, digital revolution are just a few of the keywords that go from academic journals to newspapers, from labs to fabs, from scientists to consumers. Science, technology and innovation invade our day-to-day transforming the economy and the society. For many scholars, J. A. Schumpeter may be considered as a prophet by stating that innovation is “the fundamental phenomenon of development”. Nevertheless, innovation is not only a matter of macroeconomics. Much more than that, it is a “company thing”. Firms must deal with knowledge and its innovative applications as fundamental factors for performance, competitiveness and success. Thus, management of technology and innovation is definitely mandatory in the portfolio of any decision-making process, whether public or private. However, behind this assumption, and to actually reach innovation, there is a whole complex process intertwining internal capabilities and interactions that go far beyond the boundaries of the firm. Considering such a complex and dynamic scenario, this special issue is addressed to draw a comprehensive picture of the challenges and opportunities for innovation systems and policies, innovative environments, new forms of collaboration, and firms’ resources for the management of technology and innovation.

Prof. Dr. Paulo Antônio Zawislak
Guest Editor

Keywords

  • Innovation systems and policies: big data and innovation indicators; Regional and sectoral innovation systems; Geography of innovation; Social innovation; new technologies; Digital transformation and digital revolution, creative economy, IoT and artificial intelligence; Service innovation; Agrotech and innovation; Innovation and sustainability;
  • Innovation environments: innovation ecosystems, smart cities, living labs; Science and technology parks;
  • Collaboration for innovation: university-company interaction, technology transfer, R&D emulation, open innovation; incubators and accelerators; spin-offs, spill-overs, spill-outs; Financing and venture capital, startups;
  • Innovation and the firm: knowledge management, entrepreneurship, KIE, researcher-entrepreneur; Business models, technology scouting, road mapping and forecasting; Innovation strategy and planning; Innovation capabilities, performance; Product development, design, innovation management tools; Technological innovation, operations innovation, managerial innovation and marketing innovation.

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Paths and Challenges of New Technologies: The Case of Nanotechnology-Based Cosmetics Development in Brazil
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8020016
Received: 14 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 11 May 2018
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Abstract
New technologies have challenges to overcome when applying it to new products. New products depend on the technological and market novelties. Therefore, the term product innovativeness is defined as the technological and market degree of novelty. For several industries, the nanotechnology has been
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New technologies have challenges to overcome when applying it to new products. New products depend on the technological and market novelties. Therefore, the term product innovativeness is defined as the technological and market degree of novelty. For several industries, the nanotechnology has been the latest technology, and it has also been included in Brazilian government strategic agenda. Considering the importance of new technologies and innovation, we describe the paths and challenges of nanotechnology-based cosmetics development to achieve product innovativeness. Opposing the new product development (NPD) mainstream based on efficiency, we used the evolutionary approach by highlighting the novelties. We describe three NPD stages (conception, operationalization, nd launch). For empirical evidence, we chose two Brazilian emblematic cases (suppliers for cosmetics industry) that domain nanotechnology. One case scans more potential market novelties and consequently produces indigenous nanotechnology for international industries such as cosmetics, food, and textile. The second case represents the new technology limited by the application in cosmetics. New technologies are not an innovation guarantee. Market demands must be identified in the early stage of NPD. When the focus is the novelty, the NPD evolutionary approach is useful. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Distinctive Innovation Capabilities of Argentine Software Companies with High Innovation Results and Impacts
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8020013
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 6 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
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Abstract
The software sector is of growing importance and, due to its degree of dynamism, the identification of capabilities for innovation is vital. This study identifies capabilities variables that distinguish Argentine software companies with high innovation results and high innovation impacts from those with
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The software sector is of growing importance and, due to its degree of dynamism, the identification of capabilities for innovation is vital. This study identifies capabilities variables that distinguish Argentine software companies with high innovation results and high innovation impacts from those with lesser results and impacts. It is applied to a sample of 103 companies, a measurement model and the component variables of an innovation degree index for software companies (INIs) formulated in previous studies. A Principal Component Analysis and a biplot are conducted. In the analysis of results and impacts, 100% of the variability within the first two components is explained, which shows the high correlation between variables. From the biplots, it appears that companies with high results have higher degrees in the variables of motivation, strategy, leadership and internal determinants; and those with high impacts present higher degrees of structure, strategy, leadership, free software and innovation activities. The findings add elements to the theory of capabilities for innovation in the software sector and allow us to consider the relative importance of different capabilities variables in the generation of innovation results and impacts. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Technology and Innovation Management in Higher Education—Cases from Latin America and Europe
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8020011
Received: 5 January 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 8 April 2018
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Abstract
To solve common bottlenecks in the innovation and development process known as the “European Paradox” or the “Latin American Innovative Gap”, we introduce different experiences of training and education at graduate level. The main objective of this study is to analyze different cases
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To solve common bottlenecks in the innovation and development process known as the “European Paradox” or the “Latin American Innovative Gap”, we introduce different experiences of training and education at graduate level. The main objective of this study is to analyze different cases from Europe and Latin America to synthetize a model of technology and innovation management. Conceptually, the model focuses on competences, tools, skills and behaviors. From this knowledge base, we derive a new model of learning for higher education, using an organizational framework. Our model of learning includes different ways to obtain a panoply of competencies to identify technology and innovation management issues at individual business and regional level, particularly for small-and-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The model addresses innovation challenges related to new innovative relationships and product opportunities emerging from traditional sectors, but also from nanotechnology, biotech and ICT fields, with particular emphasis on environmental and sustainability problems. We suggest that our two models may serve as the foundation for designing a curricular master’s program for higher education, in accordance with the Latin American and European realities. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Firm Readiness Level for Innovation Projects: A New Decision-Making Tool for Innovation Managers
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8010006
Received: 5 January 2018 / Revised: 16 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 March 2018 / Published: 11 March 2018
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Abstract
Innovation projects represent a major challenge for business managers due to their associated uncertainty degree. The already existing methodologies to support the innovation projects are aimed at piloting them and establishing the management stages in a flexible and agile way during their deployment.
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Innovation projects represent a major challenge for business managers due to their associated uncertainty degree. The already existing methodologies to support the innovation projects are aimed at piloting them and establishing the management stages in a flexible and agile way during their deployment. This paper proposes a complementary ex-ante methodology that seeks to aid the decision-making of companies to choose whether or not to launch a potential innovation project. This methodology evaluates to what extent the technological system of the company has the minimum required maturity degree of competencies to successfully achieve the innovation project. Thus, in first instance, an innovation project is characterized according to its novelty degree; both inside the company and in its environment. Subsequently, according to the previous characterization, the future project will have an impact on the technological system of the company. The capabilities of the firm are represented by a set of good practices associated with the innovation projects’ management that the company is able to deploy. Finally, the minimum maturity degree required by a particular project of these practices is determined. Then, the gap between the maturity requirement profile and the current profile of the company is established enabling to decide on the implementation of the project or not. Full article
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Review

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Open AccessReview Technology Transfer Models and Elements in the University-Industry Collaboration
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8020019
Received: 1 February 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 6 June 2018
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Abstract
Over the years, universities have been considered as research centers that seek to collaborate with industries to create innovative products. This link has generated many concepts, among them being the concept of technology transfer. The objective of this work is to present a
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Over the years, universities have been considered as research centers that seek to collaborate with industries to create innovative products. This link has generated many concepts, among them being the concept of technology transfer. The objective of this work is to present a systematic review on the technology transfer generated in university-industry collaboration (UIC). Based on a review of 66 papers, the results presented in this article include the technology transfer (TT) models presented in the literature, a description of the common elements in a transfer process, and a description of the interaction between the elements involved, through the presentation of a conceptual model of technology transfer in the context of collaboration between the university and the industry. Full article
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