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Biomimetics 2017, 2(3), 14; doi:10.3390/biomimetics2030014

Protein-Mediated Biotemplating on the Nanoscale

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Academic Editor: Ille C. Gebeshuber
Received: 22 May 2017 / Revised: 18 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomimetic Nanotechnology)
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Abstract

Purified proteins offer a homogeneous population of biological nanoparticles, equipped in many cases with specific binding sites enabling the directed self-assembly of envisaged one-, two- or three-dimensional arrays. These arrays may serve as nanoscale biotemplates for the preparation of novel functional composite materials, which exhibit potential applications, especially in the fields of nanoelectronics and optical devices. This review provides an overview of the field of protein-mediated biotemplating, focussing on achievements made throughout the past decade. It is comprised of seven sections designed according to the size and configuration of the protein-made biotemplate. Each section describes the design and size of the biotemplate, the resulting hybrid structures, the fabrication methodology, the analytical tools employed for the structural analysis of the hybrids obtained, and, finally, their claimed/intended applications and a feasibility demonstration (whenever available). In conclusion, a short assessment of the overall status of the achievements already made vs. the future challenges of this field is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein; biotemplate; nanoscale; array; nanoparticle protein; biotemplate; nanoscale; array; nanoparticle
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Freeman, A. Protein-Mediated Biotemplating on the Nanoscale. Biomimetics 2017, 2, 14.

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