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Biomimetics 2017, 2(2), 7; doi:10.3390/biomimetics2020007

Influence of Nanotechnology and the Role of Nanostructures in Biomimetic Studies and Their Potential Applications

Department of Nanotechnology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, College of Engineering, Pune, MH 411043, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ille C. Gebeshuber
Received: 24 March 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 26 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomimetic Nanotechnology)

Abstract

With the advent of nanotechnology, by looking further deep down into the molecular level, today, we are able to understand basic and applied sciences even better than ever before. Not only has nanoscience and nanotechnology allowed us to study the composing structures of materials in detail, it has also allowed us to fabricate and synthesize such nanostructures using top-down and bottom-up approaches. One such field, which has been significantly influenced by the dawn of nanotechnology is biomimetics. With powerful spectroscopic and microscopic tools presenting us with images like double nanostructured pillars on the lotus surface for superhydrophobicity, the conical protuberances of moth eye demonstrating anti-reflection properties and nanostructured spatulae of gecko feet for high adhesivity, we are now able to fabricate these structures in the lab with properties showing close resemblance to their natural counterparts. Here, we present a review of various nanostructures that exist in nature, their fabrication techniques and some of their promising future applications. We hope this review will provide the reader with a basic understanding of what biomimetics is and how nanotechnology has significantly influenced this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomimetics; biomimicry; nanostructures; nanotechnology; nature biomimetics; biomimicry; nanostructures; nanotechnology; nature
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Garg, P.; Ghatmale, P.; Tarwadi, K.; Chavan, S. Influence of Nanotechnology and the Role of Nanostructures in Biomimetic Studies and Their Potential Applications. Biomimetics 2017, 2, 7.

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