Vet. Sci. 2014, 1(1), 40-62; doi:10.3390/vetsci1010040
Review

Non-Human Primate Models of Orthopoxvirus Infections

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Received: 23 April 2014; in revised form: 4 June 2014 / Accepted: 5 June 2014 / Published: 10 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Models of Disease)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Smallpox, one of the most destructive diseases, has been successfully eradicated through a worldwide vaccination campaign. Since immunization programs have been stopped, the number of people with vaccinia virus induced immunity is declining. This leads to an increase in orthopoxvirus (OPXV) infections in humans, as well as in animals. Additionally, potential abuse of Variola virus (VARV), the causative agent of smallpox, or monkeypox virus, as agents of bioterrorism, has renewed interest in development of antiviral therapeutics and of safer vaccines. Due to its high risk potential, research with VARV is restricted to two laboratories worldwide. Therefore, numerous animal models of other OPXV infections have been developed in the last decades. Non-human primates are especially suitable due to their close relationship to humans. This article provides a review about on non-human primate models of orthopoxvirus infections.
Keywords: non-human primate; smallpox; monkeypox; cowpox; animal models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmitt, A.; Mätz-Rensing, K.; Kaup, F.-J. Non-Human Primate Models of Orthopoxvirus Infections. Vet. Sci. 2014, 1, 40-62.

AMA Style

Schmitt A, Mätz-Rensing K, Kaup F-J. Non-Human Primate Models of Orthopoxvirus Infections. Veterinary Sciences. 2014; 1(1):40-62.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmitt, Anne; Mätz-Rensing, Kerstin; Kaup, Franz-Josef. 2014. "Non-Human Primate Models of Orthopoxvirus Infections." Vet. Sci. 1, no. 1: 40-62.

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