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Electronics 2016, 5(4), 93; doi:10.3390/electronics5040093

Photonic Structure-Integrated Two-Dimensional Material Optoelectronics

1
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235-1824, USA
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235-1807, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yoke Khin Yap and Zhixian Zhou
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 5 December 2016 / Accepted: 9 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Two-Dimensional Electronics and Optoelectronics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1674 KB, uploaded 20 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The rapid development and unique properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene, phosphorene and transition metal dichalcogenides enable them to become intriguing candidates for future optoelectronic applications. To maximize the potential of 2D material-based optoelectronics, various photonic structures are integrated to form photonic structure/2D material hybrid systems so that the device performance can be manipulated in controllable ways. Here, we first introduce the photocurrent-generation mechanisms of 2D material-based optoelectronics and their performance. We then offer an overview and evaluation of the state-of-the-art of hybrid systems, where 2D material optoelectronics are integrated with photonic structures, especially plasmonic nanostructures, photonic waveguides and crystals. By combining with those photonic structures, the performance of 2D material optoelectronics can be further enhanced, and on the other side, a high-performance modulator can be achieved by electrostatically tuning 2D materials. Finally, 2D material-based photodetector can also become an efficient probe to learn the light-matter interactions of photonic structures. Those hybrid systems combine the advantages of 2D materials and photonic structures, providing further capacity for high-performance optoelectronics. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-dimensional materials; plasmonics; photonic crystals; optoelectronics two-dimensional materials; plasmonics; photonic crystals; optoelectronics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, T.; Xu, Y.-Q. Photonic Structure-Integrated Two-Dimensional Material Optoelectronics. Electronics 2016, 5, 93.

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