J. Low Power Electron. Appl. 2013, 3(3), 279-299; doi:10.3390/jlpea3030279
Article

Low-Gain, Low-Noise Integrated Neuronal Amplifier for Implantable Artifact-Reduction Recording System

1,2,3,* email, 2,3email, 2,3email, 1email, 2,3email, 4email and 2,3email
Received: 6 March 2013; in revised form: 8 July 2013 / Accepted: 6 August 2013 / Published: 9 September 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1131 KB, uploaded 9 September 2013]
Abstract: Brain neuroprostheses for neuromodulation are being designed to monitor the neural activity of the brain in the vicinity of the region being stimulated using a single macro-electrode. Using a single macro-electrode, recent neuromodulation studies show that recording systems with a low gain neuronal amplifier and successive amplifier stages can reduce or reject stimulation artifacts. These systems were made with off-the-shelf components that are not amendable for future implant design. A low-gain, low-noise integrated neuronal amplifier (NA) with the capability of recording local field potentials (LFP) and spike activity is presented. In vitro and in vivo characterizations of the tissue/electrode interface, with equivalent impedance as an electrical model for recording in the LFP band using macro-electrodes for rodents, contribute to the NA design constraints. The NA occupies 0.15 mm2 and dissipates 6.73 µW, and was fabricated using a 0.35 µm CMOS process. Test-bench validation indicates that the NA provides a mid-band gain of 20 dB and achieves a low input-referred noise of 4 µVRMS. Ability of the NA to perform spike recording in test-bench experiments is presented. Additionally, an awake and freely moving rodent setup was used to illustrate the integrated NA ability to record LFPs, paving the pathway for future implantable systems for neuromodulation.
Keywords: low-noise amplifier; front-end; macro-electrode; neuralrecording; neuromodulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Zbrzeski, A.; Lewis, N.; Rummens, F.; Jung, R.; N'Kaoua, G.; Benazzouz, A.; Renaud, S. Low-Gain, Low-Noise Integrated Neuronal Amplifier for Implantable Artifact-Reduction Recording System. J. Low Power Electron. Appl. 2013, 3, 279-299.

AMA Style

Zbrzeski A, Lewis N, Rummens F, Jung R, N'Kaoua G, Benazzouz A, Renaud S. Low-Gain, Low-Noise Integrated Neuronal Amplifier for Implantable Artifact-Reduction Recording System. Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications. 2013; 3(3):279-299.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zbrzeski, Adeline; Lewis, Noëlle; Rummens, Francois; Jung, Ranu; N'Kaoua, Gilles; Benazzouz, Abdelhamid; Renaud, Sylvie. 2013. "Low-Gain, Low-Noise Integrated Neuronal Amplifier for Implantable Artifact-Reduction Recording System." J. Low Power Electron. Appl. 3, no. 3: 279-299.

J. Low Power Electron. Appl. EISSN 2079-9268 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert