Next Article in Journal
Spray-on Thin Film PV Solar Cells: Advances, Potentials and Challenges
Next Article in Special Issue
Biomedical Nanoparticles: Overview of Their Surface Immune-Compatibility
Previous Article in Journal
Abrasion, Erosion and Cavitation Erosion Wear Properties of Thermally Sprayed Alumina Based Coatings
Previous Article in Special Issue
Gas Permeation, Mechanical Behavior and Cytocompatibility of Ultrathin Pure and Doped Diamond-Like Carbon and Silicon Oxide Films
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Coatings 2014, 4(1), 37-59; doi:10.3390/coatings4010037

Nano and Microscale Topographies for the Prevention of Bacterial Surface Fouling

State University of New York (SUNY) College of Nanoscale Science & Engineering, 257 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2013 / Revised: 20 December 2013 / Accepted: 8 January 2014 / Published: 17 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Medical Device Coatings)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [949 KB, uploaded 17 January 2014]   |  

Abstract

Bacterial surface fouling is problematic for a wide range of applications and industries, including, but not limited to medical devices (implants, replacement joints, stents, pacemakers), municipal infrastructure (pipes, wastewater treatment), food production (food processing surfaces, processing equipment), and transportation (ship hulls, aircraft fuel tanks). One method to combat bacterial biofouling is to modify the topographical structure of the surface in question, thereby limiting the ability of individual cells to attach to the surface, colonize, and form biofilms. Multiple research groups have demonstrated that micro and nanoscale topographies significantly reduce bacterial biofouling, for both individual cells and bacterial biofilms. Antifouling strategies that utilize engineered topographical surface features with well-defined dimensions and shapes have demonstrated a greater degree of controllable inhibition over initial cell attachment, in comparison to undefined, texturized, or porous surfaces. This review article will explore the various approaches and techniques used by researches, including work from our own group, and the underlying physical properties of these highly structured, engineered micro/nanoscale topographies that significantly impact bacterial surface attachment.
Keywords: topography; bacteria; biofouling; biofilm; surface; attachment; antifouling; nanotechnology; nanofabrication topography; bacteria; biofouling; biofilm; surface; attachment; antifouling; nanotechnology; nanofabrication
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Graham, M.V.; Cady, N.C. Nano and Microscale Topographies for the Prevention of Bacterial Surface Fouling. Coatings 2014, 4, 37-59.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Coatings EISSN 2079-6412 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top