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Nanomaterials 2012, 2(3), 217-250; doi:10.3390/nano2030217
Review

Rafts, Nanoparticles and Neural Disease

1
 and
2,*
1 Ross University School of Medicine, Miami Beach Community Health Center, 11645 Biscayne Boulevard, North Miami, FL 33181, USA 2 Department of Anthropology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2012 / Revised: 19 July 2012 / Accepted: 20 July 2012 / Published: 6 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends of Nanomaterials in Life Sciences)
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Abstract

This review examines the role of membrane rafts in neural disease as a rationale for drug targeting utilizing lipid-based nanoparticles. The article begins with an overview of methodological issues involving the existence, sizes, and lifetimes of rafts, and then examines raft function in the etiologies of three major neural diseases—epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease—selected as promising candidates for raft-based therapeutics. Raft-targeting drug delivery systems involving liposomes and solid lipid nanoparticles are then examined in detail.
Keywords: rafts; nanoparticles; nanomedicine; neural disease; epilepsy; Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease; liposomes; solid lipid nanoparticles rafts; nanoparticles; nanomedicine; neural disease; epilepsy; Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease; liposomes; solid lipid nanoparticles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gulati, V.; Wallace, R. Rafts, Nanoparticles and Neural Disease. Nanomaterials 2012, 2, 217-250.

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