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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3(3), 539-559; doi:10.3390/jmse3030539

Artificial Crab Burrows Facilitate Desalting of Rooted Mangrove Sediment in a Microcosm Study

1
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (Leibniz-ZMT), Fahrenheitstr. 6, Bremen 28359, Germany
2
Edinburgh Napier University, School for Life, Sport and Social Sciences, Edinburgh EH11 4BN, UK
3
Laboratório de Botânica, Universidade Federal do Pará, Campus Bragança, Alameda Leandro Ribeiro s/n, Bragança-Pará, CEP 68600-000, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joseph Smoak
Received: 1 June 2015 / Accepted: 3 July 2015 / Published: 15 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biogeochemical Cycles in Mangrove Forests)
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Abstract

Water uptake by mangrove trees can result in salt accumulation in sediment around roots, negatively influencing growth. Tidal pumping facilitates salt release and can be enhanced by crab burrows. Similarly, flushing of burrows by incoming tidal water decreases sediment salinity. In contrast to burrows with multiple entrances, the role of burrows with one opening for salinity reduction is largely unknown. In a microcosm experiment we studied the effect of artificial, burrow-like macro-pores with one opening on the desalting of mangrove sediment and growth of Rhizophora mangle L. seedlings. Sediment salinity, seedling leaf area and seedling growth were monitored over six months. Artificial burrows facilitated salt release from the sediment after six weeks, but seedling growth was not influenced. To test whether crab burrows with one opening facilitate salt release in mangrove forests, sediment salinities were measured in areas with and without R. mangle stilt roots in North Brazil at the beginning and end of the wet season. In addition, burrows of Ucides cordatus were counted. High crab burrow densities and sediment salinities were associated with stilt root occurrence. Precipitation and salt accumulation by tree roots seem to have a larger effect on sediment salinity than desalting by U. cordatus burrows. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhizophora mangle; roots; salinity; tidal flushing; tidal pumping; Ucides cordatus Rhizophora mangle; roots; salinity; tidal flushing; tidal pumping; Ucides cordatus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pülmanns, N.; Nordhaus, I.; Diele, K.; Mehlig, U. Artificial Crab Burrows Facilitate Desalting of Rooted Mangrove Sediment in a Microcosm Study. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3, 539-559.

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