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Adm. Sci., Volume 4, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1-72

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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Administrative Sciences in 2013
Adm. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 71-72; doi:10.3390/admsci4010071
Received: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 24 February 2014 / Published: 24 February 2014
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Abstract The editors of Administrative Sciences would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2013. [...] Full article

Research

Jump to: Editorial

Open AccessArticle Relationships of the Trade Unions with the Media: The Lithuanian Case
Adm. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 1-14; doi:10.3390/admsci4010001
Received: 8 October 2013 / Revised: 16 December 2013 / Accepted: 19 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
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Abstract
The various practices of different countries show that, in order to achieve trade unions’ goals, working relationships with the media are very important, especially in terms of influencing public (stakeholder) opinion, as well as instilling confidence in trade unions. This paper presents [...] Read more.
The various practices of different countries show that, in order to achieve trade unions’ goals, working relationships with the media are very important, especially in terms of influencing public (stakeholder) opinion, as well as instilling confidence in trade unions. This paper presents some examples and empirical research results that prove the significance of such relationships. The situation in Lithuania is analyzed based on qualitative research results. The results reveal that Lithuanian trade unions do not have effective tools at their disposal for the promotion of their activity. Moreover, their notion of their relationships with the media is limited to a narrow understanding such as “the article or broadcast in media”. Due to this and other reasons, the promotion of employers’ concessions is weak. Different situations can be noticed by analyzing the independent trade unions which use other practices and systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organizations, Stakeholders and Public Affairs)
Open AccessArticle Managing Relational Legacies: Lessons from British Columbia, Canada
Adm. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 15-34; doi:10.3390/admsci4010015
Received: 30 September 2013 / Revised: 23 December 2013 / Accepted: 31 December 2013 / Published: 8 January 2014
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Abstract
Issues related to company-community relations and the social license to operate have emerged as strategic business issues. This paper aims to contribute to the growing body of research on long-term company-community relations. An analysis of the relationship between Alcan (Aluminum of Canada, [...] Read more.
Issues related to company-community relations and the social license to operate have emerged as strategic business issues. This paper aims to contribute to the growing body of research on long-term company-community relations. An analysis of the relationship between Alcan (Aluminum of Canada, Montréal, Canada part of Rio Tinto since 2007) with the Cheslatta Carrier First Nation in the Kemano-Kitimat area of northern British Columbia, Canada, provides three contributions. The first is related to the notion of relational legacy, which refers to the sedimentation of unresolved issues that have the potential to impede the realization of corporate activities and the reproduction of low levels of social license to operate. The second concerns stakeholder management. While the literature suggests that stakeholders should be managed by companies according to the degree of salience, this analysis suggests that researchers and managers should consider the evolution of the environmental context in their analyses. Third, the analysis suggests that small or marginalized groups, depicted by the stakeholder management literature as dormant stakeholders, should not be underestimated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organizations, Stakeholders and Public Affairs)
Open AccessArticle Role of Strong versus Weak Networks in Small Business Growth in an Emerging Economy
Adm. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 35-50; doi:10.3390/admsci4010035
Received: 4 December 2013 / Revised: 18 January 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 13 February 2014
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Abstract
The study tests whether strong rather than weak ties account for small business growth in Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire filled out by the owners of small firms operating in four cities. Growth is comprised of two main [...] Read more.
The study tests whether strong rather than weak ties account for small business growth in Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire filled out by the owners of small firms operating in four cities. Growth is comprised of two main areas, production expansion and knowledge acquisition. Results show that strong ties are positively related to both types of growth. In contrast, loose ties have no effect on small business growth in either area. This finding is attributed to the influence of the collectivistic nature of the mainstream Turkish culture, where owners of small businesses are likely to rely on in-groups rather than out-groups for advice and for financial support. Implications of relative absence of weak ties for small business growth and innovation in emerging economies are discussed. The findings suggest that culture should be included as a contingency variable in future studies of network strength and growth relationship. The paper also discusses the possible moderating role of affective and cognition-based trust in the relation of strong and weak ties to small business growth. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Small Business in the Global Economy)
Open AccessArticle Teleconference Use among Office Workers: An Interorganizational Comparison of an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior Model
Adm. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 51-70; doi:10.3390/admsci4010051
Received: 25 September 2013 / Revised: 3 January 2014 / Accepted: 30 January 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (490 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
From a corporate social responsibility perspective, there are many reasons to promote teleconference use as an alternative to business travel. The present study examines psychosocial and organizational factors relevant to teleconference use. We tested an extended Theory of Planned Behavior model of [...] Read more.
From a corporate social responsibility perspective, there are many reasons to promote teleconference use as an alternative to business travel. The present study examines psychosocial and organizational factors relevant to teleconference use. We tested an extended Theory of Planned Behavior model of teleconference use among office workers of four organizations. Results indicate that intention was the strongest direct predictor of teleconference use. Habit and perceived norm, in turn, were the strongest predictors of intention to use teleconference. In contrast, attitude was only weakly predictive and perceived control not predictive at all of intention to use teleconference. We also examined how this model was influenced by the organizational context by comparing organizations from two different regions, and organizations from the private vs. the public sector. Most teleconference-related beliefs differed between regions and organizational sectors. The relevance of specific attitudinal and normative beliefs to the overall attitude and perceived norm also differed between organizational sectors. Implications for practice and future research are discussed. Full article

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