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Insects 2017, 8(4), 123; doi:10.3390/insects8040123

Integrated Pest Management of Coffee Berry Borer in Hawaii and Puerto Rico: Current Status and Prospects

1
Coffee Grower & Independent Consultant on Integrated Pest Management, Kailua-Kona, HI 96745, USA
2
USDA-ARS, PBARC, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
3
Coffee Grower & Director of Synergistic Hawaii Agriculture Council, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
4
Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931, USA
5
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2475, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alberto Pozzebon, Carlo Duso, Gregory M. Loeb and Geoff M. Gurr
Received: 20 September 2017 / Revised: 4 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 14 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthropod Pest Control in Orchards and Vineyards)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7900 KB, uploaded 14 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei, is the most significant insect pest of coffee worldwide. Since CBB was detected in Puerto Rico in 2007 and Hawaii in 2010, coffee growers from these islands are facing increased costs, reduced coffee quality, and increased pest management challenges. Here, we outline the CBB situation, and summarize the findings of growers, researchers, and extension professionals working with CBB in Hawaii. Recommendations for the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program for CBB in Hawaiian Islands and Puerto Rico include: (1) establish a CBB monitoring program, (2) synchronize applications of insecticides with peak flight activity of CBB especially during the early coffee season, (3) conduct efficient strip-picking as soon as possible after harvest and perform pre-harvest sanitation picks in CBB hotspots if needed, (4) establish protocols to prevent the escape of CBB from processing areas and when transporting berries during harvest, and (5) stump prune by blocks. Progress achieved includes the introduction of the mycoinsecticide Beauveria bassiana to coffee plantations, the coordination of area-wide CBB surveys, the establishment and augmentation of native beetle predators, and an observed reduction of CBB populations and increased coffee quality where IPM programs were established. However, CBB remains a challenge for coffee growers due to regional variability in CBB pressures, high costs, and labor issues, including a lack of training and awareness of CBB management practices among growers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hypothenemus hampei; cultural practices; biological control; area-wide monitoring; post-harvest; Beauveria bassiana; invasive species Hypothenemus hampei; cultural practices; biological control; area-wide monitoring; post-harvest; Beauveria bassiana; invasive species
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aristizábal, L.F.; Johnson, M.; Shriner, S.; Hollingsworth, R.; Manoukis, N.C.; Myers, R.; Bayman, P.; Arthurs, S.P. Integrated Pest Management of Coffee Berry Borer in Hawaii and Puerto Rico: Current Status and Prospects. Insects 2017, 8, 123.

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