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Insects 2014, 5(3), 539-563; doi:10.3390/insects5030539

Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions

1
Institute de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UR 072, c/o ICIPE (African Insect Science for Food and Health), Nairobi 30772, Kenya
2
CNRS UPR9034, Laboratoire Evolution, Génomes et Spéciation/Université Paris-Sud 11, Orsay Cedex 91405, France
3
Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa
4
Postfach 508, Chur 7000, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2014 / Revised: 5 June 2014 / Accepted: 20 June 2014 / Published: 8 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect-Plant Interactions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [759 KB, uploaded 8 July 2014]   |  

Abstract

Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important pest of maize and sorghum in sub-Saharan Africa. One century after its first description by Fuller in 1901, inaccurate information based on earlier reports are still propagated on its distribution (e.g., absent from the lower altitudes in East Africa) and host plant range (e.g., feeding on a large range of wild grass species). This review provides updated information on the biology, distribution and genetics of B. fusca with emphasis on insect-plant interactions. Related to this, new avenues of stem borer management are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-plant interactions; insect distribution; Poaceae; wild grasses; oviposition; host preference; feeding status; plant damages; pest management insect-plant interactions; insect distribution; Poaceae; wild grasses; oviposition; host preference; feeding status; plant damages; pest management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Calatayud, P.-A.; Le Ru, B.P.; van den Berg, J.; Schulthess, F. Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions. Insects 2014, 5, 539-563.

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