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Insects 2014, 5(3), 539-563; doi:10.3390/insects5030539
Review

Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions

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Received: 13 May 2014; in revised form: 5 June 2014 / Accepted: 20 June 2014 / Published: 8 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect-Plant Interactions)
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Abstract: Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important pest of maize and sorghum in sub-Saharan Africa. One century after its first description by Fuller in 1901, inaccurate information based on earlier reports are still propagated on its distribution (e.g., absent from the lower altitudes in East Africa) and host plant range (e.g., feeding on a large range of wild grass species). This review provides updated information on the biology, distribution and genetics of B. fusca with emphasis on insect-plant interactions. Related to this, new avenues of stem borer management are proposed.
Keywords: insect-plant interactions; insect distribution; Poaceae; wild grasses; oviposition; host preference; feeding status; plant damages; pest management insect-plant interactions; insect distribution; Poaceae; wild grasses; oviposition; host preference; feeding status; plant damages; pest management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Calatayud, P.-A.; Le Ru, B.P.; van den Berg, J.; Schulthess, F. Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions. Insects 2014, 5, 539-563.

AMA Style

Calatayud P-A, Le Ru BP, van den Berg J, Schulthess F. Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions. Insects. 2014; 5(3):539-563.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calatayud, Paul-André; Le Ru, Bruno P.; van den Berg, Johnnie; Schulthess, Fritz. 2014. "Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions." Insects 5, no. 3: 539-563.

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