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Axioms, Volume 1, Issue 2 (September 2012), Pages 99-237

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Research

Open AccessArticle Fat Triangulations, Curvature and Quasiconformal Mappings
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 99-110; doi:10.3390/axioms1020099
Received: 9 April 2012 / Revised: 31 May 2012 / Accepted: 11 June 2012 / Published: 4 July 2012
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Abstract
We investigate the interplay between the existence of fat triangulations, P L approximations of Lipschitz–Killing curvatures and the existence of quasiconformal mappings. In particular we prove that if there exists a quasiconformal mapping between two P L or smooth n-manifolds, then their Lipschitz–Killing [...] Read more.
We investigate the interplay between the existence of fat triangulations, P L approximations of Lipschitz–Killing curvatures and the existence of quasiconformal mappings. In particular we prove that if there exists a quasiconformal mapping between two P L or smooth n-manifolds, then their Lipschitz–Killing curvatures are bilipschitz equivalent. An extension to the case of almost Riemannian manifolds, of a previous existence result of quasimeromorphic mappings on manifolds due to the first author is also given. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Axioms: Feature Papers)
Open AccessArticle Valued Graphs and the Representation Theory of Lie Algebras
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 111-148; doi:10.3390/axioms1020111
Received: 13 February 2012 / Revised: 20 June 2012 / Accepted: 20 June 2012 / Published: 4 July 2012
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Abstract
Quivers (directed graphs), species (a generalization of quivers) and their representations play a key role in many areas of mathematics including combinatorics, geometry, and algebra. Their importance is especially apparent in their applications to the representation theory of associative algebras, Lie algebras, [...] Read more.
Quivers (directed graphs), species (a generalization of quivers) and their representations play a key role in many areas of mathematics including combinatorics, geometry, and algebra. Their importance is especially apparent in their applications to the representation theory of associative algebras, Lie algebras, and quantum groups. In this paper, we discuss the most important results in the representation theory of species, such as Dlab and Ringel’s extension of Gabriel’s theorem, which classifies all species of finite and tame representation type. We also explain the link between species and K-species (where K is a field). Namely, we show that the category of K -species can be viewed as a subcategory of the category of species. Furthermore, we prove two results about the structure of the tensor ring of a species containing no oriented cycles. Specifically, we prove that two such species have isomorphic tensor rings if and only if they are isomorphic as “crushed” species, and we show that if K is a perfect field, then the tensor algebra of a K -species tensored with the algebraic closure of K is isomorphic to, or Morita equivalent to, the path algebra of a quiver. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessCommunication Hasse-Schmidt Derivations and the Hopf Algebra of Non-Commutative Symmetric Functions
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 149-154; doi:10.3390/axioms1020149
Received: 4 May 2012 / Revised: 25 June 2012 / Accepted: 25 June 2012 / Published: 16 July 2012
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Abstract
Let NSymm be the Hopf algebra of non-commutative symmetric functions (in an infinity of indeterminates): . It is shown that an associative algebra A with a Hasse-Schmidt derivation ) on it is exactly the same as an NSymm module algebra. The primitives [...] Read more.
Let NSymm be the Hopf algebra of non-commutative symmetric functions (in an infinity of indeterminates): . It is shown that an associative algebra A with a Hasse-Schmidt derivation ) on it is exactly the same as an NSymm module algebra. The primitives of NSymm act as ordinary derivations. There are many formulas for the generators in terms of the primitives (and vice-versa). This leads to formulas for the higher derivations in a Hasse-Schmidt derivation in terms of ordinary derivations, such as the known formulas of Heerema and Mirzavaziri (and also formulas for ordinary derivations in terms of the elements of a Hasse-Schmidt derivation). These formulas are over the rationals; no such formulas are possible over the integers. Many more formulas are derivable. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessArticle Quasitriangular Structure of Myhill–Nerode Bialgebras
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 155-172; doi:10.3390/axioms1020155
Received: 20 June 2012 / Revised: 15 July 2012 / Accepted: 17 July 2012 / Published: 24 July 2012
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Abstract
In computer science the Myhill–Nerode Theorem states that a set L of words in a finite alphabet is accepted by a finite automaton if and only if the equivalence relation ∼L, defined as x ∼L y if and only if xz [...] Read more.
In computer science the Myhill–Nerode Theorem states that a set L of words in a finite alphabet is accepted by a finite automaton if and only if the equivalence relation ∼L, defined as x ∼L y if and only if xz ∈ L exactly when yz ∈ L, ∀z, has finite index. The Myhill–Nerode Theorem can be generalized to an algebraic setting giving rise to a collection of bialgebras which we call Myhill–Nerode bialgebras. In this paper we investigate the quasitriangular structure of Myhill–Nerode bialgebras. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessArticle The Duality between Corings and Ring Extensions
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 173-185; doi:10.3390/axioms1020173
Received: 29 June 2012 / Revised: 24 July 2012 / Accepted: 30 July 2012 / Published: 10 August 2012
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Abstract
We study the duality between corings and ring extensions. We construct a new category with a self-dual functor acting on it, which extends that duality. This construction can be seen as the non-commutative case of another duality extension: the duality between finite [...] Read more.
We study the duality between corings and ring extensions. We construct a new category with a self-dual functor acting on it, which extends that duality. This construction can be seen as the non-commutative case of another duality extension: the duality between finite dimensional algebras and coalgebra. Both these duality extensions have some similarities with the Pontryagin-van Kampen duality theorem. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessArticle From Coalgebra to Bialgebra for the Six-Vertex Model: The Star-Triangle Relation as a Necessary Condition for Commuting Transfer Matrices
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 186-200; doi:10.3390/axioms1020186
Received: 2 July 2012 / Revised: 7 August 2012 / Accepted: 16 August 2012 / Published: 27 August 2012
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Abstract
Using the most elementary methods and considerations, the solution of the star-triangle condition (a2+b2-c2)/2ab = ((a’)^2+(b’)^2-(c’))^2/2a’b’ is shown to be a necessary condition for the extension of the operator coalgebra of the six-vertex model to a [...] Read more.
Using the most elementary methods and considerations, the solution of the star-triangle condition (a2+b2-c2)/2ab = ((a’)^2+(b’)^2-(c’))^2/2a’b’ is shown to be a necessary condition for the extension of the operator coalgebra of the six-vertex model to a bialgebra. A portion of the bialgebra acts as a spectrum-generating algebra for the algebraic Bethe ansatz, with which higher-dimensional representations of the bialgebra can be constructed. The star-triangle relation is proved to be necessary for the commutativity of the transfer matrices T(a, b, c) and T(a’, b’, c’). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessArticle Bundles over Quantum RealWeighted Projective Spaces
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 201-225; doi:10.3390/axioms1020201
Received: 10 July 2012 / Revised: 21 August 2012 / Accepted: 23 August 2012 / Published: 17 September 2012
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (318 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The algebraic approach to bundles in non-commutative geometry and the definition of quantum real weighted projective spaces are reviewed. Principal U(1)-bundles over quantum real weighted projective spaces are constructed. As the spaces in question fall into two separate classes, the negative or [...] Read more.
The algebraic approach to bundles in non-commutative geometry and the definition of quantum real weighted projective spaces are reviewed. Principal U(1)-bundles over quantum real weighted projective spaces are constructed. As the spaces in question fall into two separate classes, the negative or odd class that generalises quantum real projective planes and the positive or even class that generalises the quantum disc, so do the constructed principal bundles. In the negative case the principal bundle is proven to be non-trivial and associated projective modules are described. In the positive case the principal bundles turn out to be trivial, and so all the associated modules are free. It is also shown that the circle (co)actions on the quantum Seifert manifold that define quantum real weighted projective spaces are almost free. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)
Open AccessArticle Hopf Algebra Symmetries of an Integrable Hamiltonian for Anyonic Pairing
Axioms 2012, 1(2), 226-237; doi:10.3390/axioms1020226
Received: 28 June 2012 / Revised: 13 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 20 September 2012
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (183 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Since the advent of Drinfel’d’s double construction, Hopf algebraic structures have been a centrepiece for many developments in the theory and analysis of integrable quantum systems. An integrable anyonic pairing Hamiltonian will be shown to admit Hopf algebra symmetries for particular values [...] Read more.
Since the advent of Drinfel’d’s double construction, Hopf algebraic structures have been a centrepiece for many developments in the theory and analysis of integrable quantum systems. An integrable anyonic pairing Hamiltonian will be shown to admit Hopf algebra symmetries for particular values of its coupling parameters. While the integrable structure of the model relates to the well-known six-vertex solution of the Yang–Baxter equation, the Hopf algebra symmetries are not in terms of the quantum algebra Uq(sl(2)). Rather, they are associated with the Drinfel’d doubles of dihedral group algebras D(Dn). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hopf Algebras, Quantum Groups and Yang-Baxter Equations)

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