Effect of Water Quality Sampling Approaches on Nitrate Load Predictions of a Prominent Regression-Based Model
AbstractHigh frequency in-situ measurements of nitrate can greatly reduce uncertainty in nitrate flux estimates. Water quality databases maintained by various federal and state agencies often consist of pollutant concentration data obtained from periodic grab samples collected from gauged reaches of a stream. Regression models, such as the LOAD ESTimator (LOADEST), are frequently used to model variations in concentrations associated with changes in water discharge to provide integrated solute flux measurements. However, uncertainty in the relationships between nutrient concentration and flow may lead to errors in the corresponding flux estimates. In this study, a high frequency, in-situ measurement of nitrate concentration was implemented to ascertain uncertainty in the concentration/discharge relationship caused by nitrate hysteresis. It was found that observed nitrate hysteresis, as influenced by complex storm/watershed interactions, was not readily predictable. Therefore, it can lead to substantial nitrate flux uncertainty, based on periodic grab sample monitoring approaches. Scientists and engineers should take advantage of the proposed findings in future studies to enhance the quality of the associated decision making processes. View Full-Text
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Sharifi, A.; Yen, H.; Wallace, C.W.; McCarty, G.; Crow, W.; Momen, B.; Lang, M.W.; Sadeghi, A.; Lee, S.; Denver, J.; Rabenhorst, M.C. Effect of Water Quality Sampling Approaches on Nitrate Load Predictions of a Prominent Regression-Based Model. Water 2017, 9, 895.
Sharifi A, Yen H, Wallace CW, McCarty G, Crow W, Momen B, Lang MW, Sadeghi A, Lee S, Denver J, Rabenhorst MC. Effect of Water Quality Sampling Approaches on Nitrate Load Predictions of a Prominent Regression-Based Model. Water. 2017; 9(11):895.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sharifi, Amirreza; Yen, Haw; Wallace, Carlington W.; McCarty, Gregory; Crow, Wade; Momen, Bahram; Lang, Megan W.; Sadeghi, Ali; Lee, Sangchul; Denver, Judith; Rabenhorst, Martin C. 2017. "Effect of Water Quality Sampling Approaches on Nitrate Load Predictions of a Prominent Regression-Based Model." Water 9, no. 11: 895.
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