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Water 2017, 9(11), 898; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110898

Development of a Predictive Tool to Support Environmentally Sustainable Management in Port Basins

Laboratory of Experimental Oceanology and Marine Ecology, Dipartimento di Scienze Ecologiche e Biologiche (DEB), Tuscia University, Molo Vespucci, Port of Civitavecchia, 00053 Civitavecchia, Italy
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Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 15 November 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
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Abstract

According to the Water Framework Directive, harbours that are classified as heavily modified water bodies must either reach or maintain good ecological potential. Moreover, following the marine spatial planning principles, the effects of port structure changes on water quality must also be considered. To support the sustainable management of harbour waters, we calculated flushing time (FT) through the use of a numerical model within the Civitavecchia port under different scenarios. To assess the effects of the realization of new infrastructure that will significantly alter the port configuration in the coming years, we also developed the flushing efficiency index (FEI). The increase in the harbour basin size due to the embankment extension result in high values of FT, particularly in the inner part of the port, in accordance with the highest values of the enrichment factor of the trace metals found in the sediment. The deterioration of water quality is confirmed by negative FEI values. Otherwise, the index assumes positive values after the realization of a second entrance in the southern part of Civitavecchia port, highlighting a drastic improvement in harbour water renewal. This study provides a low-cost and predictive tool to correctly address environmentally sustainable management of port activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: harbour sustainable management; water quality; Port of Civitavecchia; flushing time; flushing efficiency index harbour sustainable management; water quality; Port of Civitavecchia; flushing time; flushing efficiency index
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Bonamano, S.; Madonia, A.; Piazzolla, D.; Paladini de Mendoza, F.; Piermattei, V.; Scanu, S.; Marcelli, M. Development of a Predictive Tool to Support Environmentally Sustainable Management in Port Basins. Water 2017, 9, 898.

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