Next Article in Journal
The Influence of Statistical Uncertainty in the Hydraulic Boundary Conditions on the Probabilistically Computed High Water Level Frequency Curve in the Rhine Delta
Next Article in Special Issue
Current Status of Groundwater Monitoring Networks in Korea
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Hydrological Studies for the Development of the TDPS System
Previous Article in Special Issue
New Insights on the Simultaneous Removal by Adsorption on Organoclays of Humic Acid and Phenol
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Water 2016, 8(4), 148; doi:10.3390/w8040148

Monitoring and Management of Karstic Coastal Groundwater in a Changing Environment (Southern Italy): A Review of a Regional Experience

Italian National Research Council-Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR-IRPI), Via Amendola 122/I, Bari 70125, Italy
Academic Editors: Robert Puls and Robert Powell
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6054 KB, uploaded 13 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

The population concentration in coastal areas and the increase of groundwater discharge in combination with the peculiarities of karstic coastal aquifers constitute a huge worldwide problem, which is particularly relevant for coastal aquifers of the Mediterranean basin. This paper offers a review of scientific activities realized to pursue the optimal utilization of Apulian coastal groundwater. Apulia, with a coastline extending for over 800 km, is the Italian region with the largest coastal karst aquifers. Apulian aquifers have suffered both in terms of water quality and quantity. Some regional regulations were implemented from the 1970s with the purpose of controlling the number of wells, well locations, and well discharge. The practical effects of these management criteria, the temporal and spatial trend of recharge, groundwater quality, and seawater intrusion effects are discussed based on long-term monitoring. The efficacy of existing management tools and the development of predictive scenarios to identify the best way to reconcile irrigation and demands for high-quality drinking water have been pursued in a selected area. The Salento peninsula was selected as the Apulian aquifer portion exposed to the highest risk of quality degradation due to seawater intrusion. The capability of large-scale numerical models in groundwater management was tested, particularly for achieving forecast scenarios to evaluate the impacts of climate change on groundwater resources. The results show qualitative and quantitative groundwater trends from 1930 to 2060 and emphasize the substantial decrease of the piezometric level and a serious worsening of groundwater salinization due to seawater intrusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: monitoring; groundwater management; karstic aquifer; seawater intrusion; numerical modeling; climate change monitoring; groundwater management; karstic aquifer; seawater intrusion; numerical modeling; climate change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Polemio, M. Monitoring and Management of Karstic Coastal Groundwater in a Changing Environment (Southern Italy): A Review of a Regional Experience. Water 2016, 8, 148.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top