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Water 2016, 8(4), 144; doi:10.3390/w8040144

Role of Hydrological Studies for the Development of the TDPS System

1
Department of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Box 118, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
2
Institute of Hydraulic & Hydrology, Higher University of San Andres, Bolivia
3
Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, Box 201, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Athanasios Loukas
Received: 16 December 2015 / Revised: 29 March 2016 / Accepted: 30 March 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1390 KB, uploaded 12 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

The South American Altiplano in the Andes is, aside from Tibet, the most extensive high plateau on Earth. This semiarid area represents important water resources storages, including the Lakes Titicaca and Poopó located in the northern and central Altiplano, respectively. The two lake basins and the southern saltpans constitute a large watershed, called the Lake Titicaca, Desaguadero River, Lake Poopó, and Coipasa Salt Flat System (TDPS hydrologic system). The Altiplano climate, topography, and location determine the TDPS hydrologic functioning. Scarce data and high spatial variability represent challenges to correctly simulate the TDPS water budget. Consequently, there is an important need to improve the understanding of the water resources in current and future climate over the area. The paper provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art regarding current knowledge of the TDPS hydro-socioeconomic system and summarizes the data needs to improve the current hydrological understanding. View Full-Text
Keywords: Water resources; climate; hydrology; climate change; TDPS system; Altiplano Water resources; climate; hydrology; climate change; TDPS system; Altiplano
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Canedo, C.; Pillco Zolá, R.; Berndtsson, R. Role of Hydrological Studies for the Development of the TDPS System. Water 2016, 8, 144.

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