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Water 2013, 5(2), 747-766; doi:10.3390/w5020747
Article

Effects of Timber Harvesting with Best Management Practices on Ecosystem Metabolism of a Low Gradient Stream on the United States Gulf Coastal Plain

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Received: 4 April 2013; in revised form: 24 May 2013 / Accepted: 29 May 2013 / Published: 13 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Pollution of Water Environment)
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Abstract: Stream metabolism can be used as a measure of freshwater ecosystem health because of its responsiveness to natural and anthropogenic changes. In this study, we used stream metabolic rates to test for the effects of a timber harvest with Louisiana’s current best management practices (BMPs). The study was conducted from 2006 to 2010 in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stand in north-central Louisiana, USA, 45 ha of which was clear cut harvested in the summer of 2007. Dissolved oxygen (DO), water temperature, and stream depth were recorded at a site upstream (serving as a reference) and a site downstream of the harvested area. Using diurnal DO change and an open-system, single-station method at each site, we quantified rates of net ecosystem productivity (NEP), gross primary productivity (GPP), community respiration (CR), and the GPP/CR ratio. The system was predominately heterotrophic, with a GPP/CR ratio of less than one for 82% of the time at the upstream site. No calculated metabolic rate was significantly changed by the timber harvest (two-way ANOVA with interaction; p < 0.001). Overall, the results suggest that timber harvests of similar intensity with Louisiana’s current BMPs may not significantly impact stream biological conditions.
Keywords: stream metabolism; dissolved oxygen; water quality; forestry BMPs; timber harvest; low-gradient headwaters stream metabolism; dissolved oxygen; water quality; forestry BMPs; timber harvest; low-gradient headwaters
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

DaSilva, A.; Xu, Y.J.; Ice, G.; Beebe, J.; Stich, R. Effects of Timber Harvesting with Best Management Practices on Ecosystem Metabolism of a Low Gradient Stream on the United States Gulf Coastal Plain. Water 2013, 5, 747-766.

AMA Style

DaSilva A, Xu YJ, Ice G, Beebe J, Stich R. Effects of Timber Harvesting with Best Management Practices on Ecosystem Metabolism of a Low Gradient Stream on the United States Gulf Coastal Plain. Water. 2013; 5(2):747-766.

Chicago/Turabian Style

DaSilva, Abram; Xu, Y. J.; Ice, George; Beebe, John; Stich, Richard. 2013. "Effects of Timber Harvesting with Best Management Practices on Ecosystem Metabolism of a Low Gradient Stream on the United States Gulf Coastal Plain." Water 5, no. 2: 747-766.


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