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Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 5, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received: 10 April 2013; in revised form: 14 May 2013 / Accepted: 20 May 2013 / Published: 5 June 2013
Abstract: This review focuses on the ion chromatographic methods for the analyses of natural waters with high ionic strength. At the beginning a natural diversity in ionic composition of waters is highlighted and terminology clarified. In continuation a brief overview of other review articles of potential interest is given. A review of ion chromatographic methods is organized in four sections. The first section comprises articles focused on the determination of ionic composition of water samples as completely as possible. The sections—Selected Anions, Selected Cations and Metals—follow. The most essential experimental conditions used in different methods are summarized in tables for a rapid comparison. Techniques encountered in the reviewed articles comprise: direct determinations of ions in untreated samples with ion- or ion-exclusion chromatography, or electrostatic ion chromatography; matrix elimination with column-switching; pre-concentration with a chelation ion chromatography and purge-and-trap pre-concentration. Different detection methods were used: non-suppressed conductometric or suppressed conductometric, direct spectrometric or spectrometric after a post-column derivetization, and inductively coupled plasma in combination with optical emission or mass spectrometry.
Keywords: ion chromatography; sea water; brine; mineral water; anions; cations; metals
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MDPI and ACS Style
Gros, N. Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples. Water 2013, 5, 659-676.
Gros N. Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples. Water. 2013; 5(2):659-676.
Gros, Nataša. 2013. "Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples." Water 5, no. 2: 659-676.