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Water 2013, 5(2), 659-676; doi:10.3390/w5020659
Review

Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples

Received: 10 April 2013; in revised form: 14 May 2013 / Accepted: 20 May 2013 / Published: 5 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analytical Chemistry of Water)
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Abstract: This review focuses on the ion chromatographic methods for the analyses of natural waters with high ionic strength. At the beginning a natural diversity in ionic composition of waters is highlighted and terminology clarified. In continuation a brief overview of other review articles of potential interest is given. A review of ion chromatographic methods is organized in four sections. The first section comprises articles focused on the determination of ionic composition of water samples as completely as possible. The sections—Selected Anions, Selected Cations and Metals—follow. The most essential experimental conditions used in different methods are summarized in tables for a rapid comparison. Techniques encountered in the reviewed articles comprise: direct determinations of ions in untreated samples with ion- or ion-exclusion chromatography, or electrostatic ion chromatography; matrix elimination with column-switching; pre-concentration with a chelation ion chromatography and purge-and-trap pre-concentration. Different detection methods were used: non-suppressed conductometric or suppressed conductometric, direct spectrometric or spectrometric after a post-column derivetization, and inductively coupled plasma in combination with optical emission or mass spectrometry.
Keywords: ion chromatography; sea water; brine; mineral water; anions; cations; metals ion chromatography; sea water; brine; mineral water; anions; cations; metals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gros, N. Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples. Water 2013, 5, 659-676.

AMA Style

Gros N. Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples. Water. 2013; 5(2):659-676.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gros, Nataša. 2013. "Ion Chromatographic Analyses of Sea Waters, Brines and Related Samples." Water 5, no. 2: 659-676.


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