A Framework for Assessing the Impacts of Mining Development on Regional Water Resources in Colombia
AbstractDeveloping its large-scale mining industry is an economic priority for Colombia. However, national capacity to assess and manage the water resource impacts of mining is currently limited. This includes lack of baseline data, lack of suitable hydrological models and lack of frameworks for evaluating risks. Furthermore, public opposition to large scale mining is high and is a barrier to many proposed new mining projects mainly because of concerns about impacts on water resources. There are also concerns about impacts on the uplands that are important water sources, particularly the páramo ecosystem. This paper argues the case for a new framework for Strategic Assessment of Regional Water Impacts of Mining, aiming to support land use planning decisions by government for selected mining and prospective mining regions. The proposed framework is modelled on the Australian Government’s Bioregional Assessments program, converted into seven stages plus supporting activities that meet the Colombian development context. The seven stages are: (1) Contextual information; (2) Scenario definition; (3) Risk scoping; (4) Model development; (5) Risk analysis; (6) Database development; and (7) Dissemination by government to stakeholders including the general public. It is emphasised that the process and results should be transparent, the data and models publicly accessible, and dissemination aimed at all levels of expertise. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
McIntyre, N.; Angarita, M.; Fernandez, N.; Camacho, L.A.; Pearse, J.; Huguet, C.; Restrepo Baena, O.J.; Ossa-Moreno, J. A Framework for Assessing the Impacts of Mining Development on Regional Water Resources in Colombia. Water 2018, 10, 268.
McIntyre N, Angarita M, Fernandez N, Camacho LA, Pearse J, Huguet C, Restrepo Baena OJ, Ossa-Moreno J. A Framework for Assessing the Impacts of Mining Development on Regional Water Resources in Colombia. Water. 2018; 10(3):268.Chicago/Turabian Style
McIntyre, Neil; Angarita, Mario; Fernandez, Nicolas; Camacho, Luis A.; Pearse, Jillian; Huguet, Carme; Restrepo Baena, Oscar J.; Ossa-Moreno, Juan. 2018. "A Framework for Assessing the Impacts of Mining Development on Regional Water Resources in Colombia." Water 10, no. 3: 268.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.