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Water 2018, 10(1), 88; doi:10.3390/w10010088

Ecosystem Services Mapping Uncertainty Assessment: A Case Study in the Fitzroy Basin Mining Region

Environment Centres, Sustainable Minerals Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Kuala Lumpur 43500, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 8 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 19 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Stewardship in Mining Regions)
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Ecosystem services mapping is becoming increasingly popular through the use of various readily available mapping tools, however, uncertainties in assessment outputs are commonly ignored. Uncertainties from different sources have the potential to lower the accuracy of mapping outputs and reduce their reliability for decision-making. Using a case study in an Australian mining region, this paper assessed the impact of uncertainties on the modelling of the hydrological ecosystem service, water provision. Three types of uncertainty were modelled using multiple uncertainty scenarios: (1) spatial data sources; (2) modelling scales (temporal and spatial) and (3) parameterization and model selection. We found that the mapping scales can induce significant changes to the spatial pattern of outputs and annual totals of water provision. In addition, differences in parameterization using differing sources from the literature also led to obvious differences in base flow. However, the impact of each uncertainty associated with differences in spatial data sources were not so great. The results of this study demonstrate the importance of uncertainty assessment and highlight that any conclusions drawn from ecosystem services mapping, such as the impacts of mining, are likely to also be a property of the uncertainty in ecosystem services mapping methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: water provision; mining region; uncertainty assessment; ecosystem service mapping; scale water provision; mining region; uncertainty assessment; ecosystem service mapping; scale

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Z.; Lechner, A.M.; Baumgartl, T. Ecosystem Services Mapping Uncertainty Assessment: A Case Study in the Fitzroy Basin Mining Region. Water 2018, 10, 88.

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