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The Application of Next Generation Sequencing in DNA Methylation Analysis
Genes 2010, 1(2), 143-165; doi:10.3390/genes1020143
Review

Next Generation Sequencing: Advances in Characterizing the Methylome

1
, 2
 and 1,*
Received: 3 May 2010; in revised form: 22 June 2010 / Accepted: 28 June 2010 / Published: 1 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Next Generation DNA Sequencing)
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Abstract: Epigenetic modifications play an important role in lymphoid malignancies. This has been evidenced by the large body of work published using microarray technologies to generate methylation profiles for numerous types and subtypes of lymphoma and leukemia. These studies have shown the importance of defining the epigenome so that we can better understand the biology of lymphoma. Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology have transformed the landscape of epigenomic analysis as we now have the ability to characterize the genome-wide distribution of chromatin modifications and DNA methylation using next-generation sequencing. To take full advantage of the throughput of next-generation sequencing, there are many methodologies that have been developed and many more that are currently being developed. Choosing the appropriate methodology is fundamental to the outcome of next-generation sequencing studies. In this review, published technologies and methodologies applicable to studying the methylome are presented. In addition, progress towards defining the methylome in lymphoma is discussed and prospective directions that have been made possible as a result of next-generation sequencing technology. Finally, methodologies are introduced that have not yet been published but that are being explored in the pursuit of defining the lymphoma methylome.
Keywords: lymphoma; leukemia; next-generation sequencing; methylation; epigenome lymphoma; leukemia; next-generation sequencing; methylation; epigenome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Taylor, K.H.; Shi, H.; Caldwell, C.W. Next Generation Sequencing: Advances in Characterizing the Methylome. Genes 2010, 1, 143-165.

AMA Style

Taylor KH, Shi H, Caldwell CW. Next Generation Sequencing: Advances in Characterizing the Methylome. Genes. 2010; 1(2):143-165.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taylor, Kristen H.; Shi, Huidong; Caldwell, Charles W. 2010. "Next Generation Sequencing: Advances in Characterizing the Methylome." Genes 1, no. 2: 143-165.


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