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Cancers 2010, 2(2), 592-610; doi:10.3390/cancers2020592
Review

Galectins as Cancer Biomarkers

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Received: 2 March 2010; in revised form: 2 April 2010 / Accepted: 19 April 2010 / Published: 20 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomarkers: Oncology Studies)
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Abstract: Galectins are a group of proteins that bind β-galactosides through evolutionarily conserved sequence elements of the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD). Proteins similar to galectins can be found in very primitive animals such as sponges. Each galectin has an individual carbohydrate binding preference and can be found in cytoplasm as well as in the nucleus. They also can be secreted through non-classical pathways and function extra-cellularly. Experimental and clinical data demonstrate a correlation between galectin expression and tumor progression and metastasis, and therefore, galectins have the potential to serve as reliable tumor markers. In this review, we describe the expression and role of galectins in different cancers and their clinical applications for diagnostic use.
Keywords: galectins; biomarkers; cancer galectins; biomarkers; cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Balan, V.; Nangia-Makker, P.; Raz, A. Galectins as Cancer Biomarkers. Cancers 2010, 2, 592-610.

AMA Style

Balan V, Nangia-Makker P, Raz A. Galectins as Cancer Biomarkers. Cancers. 2010; 2(2):592-610.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balan, Vitaly; Nangia-Makker, Pratima; Raz, Avraham. 2010. "Galectins as Cancer Biomarkers." Cancers 2, no. 2: 592-610.


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