Midkine: A Novel Prognostic Biomarker for Cancer
AbstractSince diagnosis at an early stage still remains a key issue for modern oncology and is crucial for successful cancer therapy, development of sensitive, specific, and non-invasive tumor markers, especially, in serum, is urgently needed. Midkine (MK), a plasma secreted protein, was initially identified in embryonal carcinoma cells at early stages of retinoic acid-induced differentiation. Multiple studies have reported that MK plays important roles in tumor progression, and is highly expressed in various malignant tumors. Because increased serum MK concentrations also have been reported in patients with various tumors, serum MK may have the potential to become a very useful tumor marker. Here, we review and discuss the possibility and usefulness of MK as a novel tumor marker.
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Jono, H.; Ando, Y. Midkine: A Novel Prognostic Biomarker for Cancer. Cancers 2010, 2, 624-641.
Jono H, Ando Y. Midkine: A Novel Prognostic Biomarker for Cancer. Cancers. 2010; 2(2):624-641.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jono, Hirofumi; Ando, Yukio. 2010. "Midkine: A Novel Prognostic Biomarker for Cancer." Cancers 2, no. 2: 624-641.