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Micromachines 2013, 4(2), 272-285; doi:10.3390/mi4020272
Article

On-Chip Enucleation of Bovine Oocytes using Microrobot-Assisted Flow-Speed Control

1,* , 2
, 1
 and 1
Received: 1 April 2013; in revised form: 1 June 2013 / Accepted: 6 June 2013 / Published: 21 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nanofluidic Devices for Single Cell Analysis)
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Abstract: In this study, we developed a microfluidic chip with a magnetically driven microrobot for oocyte enucleation. A microfluidic system was specially designed for enucleation, and the microrobot actively controls the local flow-speed distribution in the microfluidic chip. The microrobot can adjust fluid resistances in a channel and can open or close the channel to control the flow distribution. Analytical modeling was conducted to control the fluid speed distribution using the microrobot, and the model was experimentally validated. The novelties of the developed microfluidic system are as follows: (1) the cutting speed improved significantly owing to the local fluid flow control; (2) the cutting volume of the oocyte can be adjusted so that the oocyte undergoes less damage; and (3) the nucleus can be removed properly using the combination of a microrobot and hydrodynamic forces. Using this device, we achieved a minimally invasive enucleation process. The average enucleation time was 2.5 s and the average removal volume ratio was 20%. The proposed new system has the advantages of better operation speed, greater cutting precision, and potential for repeatable enucleation.
Keywords: magnetically driven microtool; oocyte enucleation; microfluidic chip magnetically driven microtool; oocyte enucleation; microfluidic chip
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Feng, L.; Hagiwara, M.; Ichikawa, A.; Arai, F. On-Chip Enucleation of Bovine Oocytes using Microrobot-Assisted Flow-Speed Control. Micromachines 2013, 4, 272-285.

AMA Style

Feng L, Hagiwara M, Ichikawa A, Arai F. On-Chip Enucleation of Bovine Oocytes using Microrobot-Assisted Flow-Speed Control. Micromachines. 2013; 4(2):272-285.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Feng, Lin; Hagiwara, Masaya; Ichikawa, Akihiko; Arai, Fumihito. 2013. "On-Chip Enucleation of Bovine Oocytes using Microrobot-Assisted Flow-Speed Control." Micromachines 4, no. 2: 272-285.


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