Micromachines 2013, 4(3), 286-305; doi:10.3390/mi4030286
Article

Approaches for a Fair Comparison and Benchmarking of Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesters

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Received: 16 May 2013; in revised form: 24 June 2013 / Accepted: 25 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The performance of more than 60 different electromagnetic energy harvesters described in more than 100 publications is benchmarked. The benchmarking is based on earlier published parameters from literature as well as on two novel parameters introduced in this paper. The former allow to compare different harvester conversion principles as well as harvesters of different electrodynamic design principles. The latter consider the impact of ambient and boundary conditions for the most important sub-group, namely the resonant electrodynamic harvesters. The special consideration of how the mechanical damping and the energy conversion effectiveness depend on these conditions enables a fairer benchmarking of this common harvester type. High performing prototypes are identified, and the key parameters are provided for explanation. Finally, beneficial design approaches and the main challenges to maximize the output power are pointed out.
Keywords: review; benchmarking; figure of merit; comparison; optimization; electrodynamic energy harvesting; electromagnetic linear generators; power MEMS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cepnik, C.; Wallrabe, U. Approaches for a Fair Comparison and Benchmarking of Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesters. Micromachines 2013, 4, 286-305.

AMA Style

Cepnik C, Wallrabe U. Approaches for a Fair Comparison and Benchmarking of Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesters. Micromachines. 2013; 4(3):286-305.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cepnik, Clemens; Wallrabe, Ulrike. 2013. "Approaches for a Fair Comparison and Benchmarking of Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesters." Micromachines 4, no. 3: 286-305.

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