Abrin Toxicity and Bioavailability after Temperature and pH Treatment
AbstractAbrin, one of most potent toxins known to man, is derived from the rosary pea (jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius and is a potential bioterror weapon. The temperature and pH stability of abrin was evaluated with an in vitro cell free translation (CFT) assay, a Vero cell culture cytotoxicity assay, and an in vivo mouse bioassay. pH treatment of abrin had no detrimental effect on its stability and toxicity as seen either in vitro or in vivo. Abrin exposure to increasing temperatures did not completely abrogate protein translation. In both the cell culture cytotoxicity model and the mouse bioassay, abrin’s toxic effects were completely abrogated if the toxin was exposed to temperatures of 74 °C or higher. In the cell culture model, 63 °C-treated abrin had a 30% reduction in cytotoxicity which was validated in the in vivo mouse bioassay with all mice dying but with a slight time-to-death delay as compared to the non-treated abrin control. Since temperature inactivation did not affect abrin’s ability to inhibit protein synthesis (A-chain), we hypothesize that high temperature treatment affected abrin’s ability to bind to cellular receptors (affecting B-chain). Our results confirm the absolute need to validate in vitro cytotoxicity assays with in vivo mouse bioassays. View Full-Text
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Tam, C.C.; Henderson, T.D.; Stanker, L.H.; He, X.; Cheng, L.W. Abrin Toxicity and Bioavailability after Temperature and pH Treatment. Toxins 2017, 9, 320.
Tam CC, Henderson TD, Stanker LH, He X, Cheng LW. Abrin Toxicity and Bioavailability after Temperature and pH Treatment. Toxins. 2017; 9(10):320.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tam, Christina C.; Henderson, Thomas D.; Stanker, Larry H.; He, Xiaohua; Cheng, Luisa W. 2017. "Abrin Toxicity and Bioavailability after Temperature and pH Treatment." Toxins 9, no. 10: 320.
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