Toxins 2014, 6(1), 81-95; doi:10.3390/toxins6010081
Article

Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) Lines Show Different Abilities to Form Masked Mycotoxins under Greenhouse Conditions

Received: 4 November 2013; in revised form: 10 December 2013 / Accepted: 12 December 2013 / Published: 24 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances and Perspectives in Deoxynivalenol Research)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most prevalent trichothecene in Europe and its occurrence is associated with infections of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum, causal agents of Fusarium head blight (FHB) on wheat. Resistance to FHB is a complex character and high variability occurs in the relationship between DON content and FHB incidence. DON conjugation to glucose (DON-3-glucoside, D3G) is the primary plant mechanism for resistance towards DON accumulation. Although this mechanism has been already described in bread wheat and barley, no data are reported so far about durum wheat, a key cereal in the pasta production chain. To address this issue, the ability of durum wheat to detoxify and convert deoxynivalenol into D3G was studied under greenhouse controlled conditions. Four durum wheat varieties (Svevo, Claudio, Kofa and Neodur) were assessed for DON-D3G conversion; Sumai 3, a bread wheat variety carrying a major QTL for FHB resistance (QFhs.ndsu-3B), was used as a positive control. Data reported hereby clearly demonstrate the ability of durum wheat to convert deoxynivalenol into its conjugated form, D3G.
Keywords: masked mycotoxins; fusarium head blight; pasta; deoxynivalenol; virulence factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cirlini, M.; Generotti, S.; Dall'Erta, A.; Lancioni, P.; Ferrazzano, G.; Massi, A.; Galaverna, G.; Dall'Asta, C. Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) Lines Show Different Abilities to Form Masked Mycotoxins under Greenhouse Conditions. Toxins 2014, 6, 81-95.

AMA Style

Cirlini M, Generotti S, Dall'Erta A, Lancioni P, Ferrazzano G, Massi A, Galaverna G, Dall'Asta C. Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) Lines Show Different Abilities to Form Masked Mycotoxins under Greenhouse Conditions. Toxins. 2014; 6(1):81-95.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cirlini, Martina; Generotti, Silvia; Dall'Erta, Andrea; Lancioni, Pietro; Ferrazzano, Gianluca; Massi, Andrea; Galaverna, Gianni; Dall'Asta, Chiara. 2014. "Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum Desf.) Lines Show Different Abilities to Form Masked Mycotoxins under Greenhouse Conditions." Toxins 6, no. 1: 81-95.

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