Toxins 2010, 2(7), 1718-1750; doi:10.3390/toxins2071718
Review

Chemical, Physical and Biological Approaches to Prevent Ochratoxin Induced Toxicoses in Humans and Animals

1,* email, 1email, 1,2email, 1email and 3email
Received: 6 May 2010; in revised form: 25 June 2010 / Accepted: 29 June 2010 / Published: 1 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ochratoxins)
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Abstract: Ochratoxins are polyketide derived fungal secondary metabolites with nephrotoxic, immunosuppressive, teratogenic, and carcinogenic properties. Ochratoxin-producing fungi may contaminate agricultural products in the field (preharvest spoilage), during storage (postharvest spoilage), or during processing. Ochratoxin contamination of foods and feeds poses a serious health hazard to animals and humans. Several strategies have been investigated for lowering the ochratoxin content in agricultural products. These strategies can be classified into three main categories: prevention of ochratoxin contamination, decontamination or detoxification of foods contaminated with ochratoxins, and inhibition of the absorption of consumed ochratoxins in the gastrointestinal tract. This paper gives an overview of the strategies that are promising with regard to lowering the ochratoxin burden of animals and humans.
Keywords: ochratoxin; detoxification; adsorption; spoilage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Varga, J.; Kocsubé, S.; Péteri, Z.; Vágvölgyi, C.; Tóth, B. Chemical, Physical and Biological Approaches to Prevent Ochratoxin Induced Toxicoses in Humans and Animals. Toxins 2010, 2, 1718-1750.

AMA Style

Varga J, Kocsubé S, Péteri Z, Vágvölgyi C, Tóth B. Chemical, Physical and Biological Approaches to Prevent Ochratoxin Induced Toxicoses in Humans and Animals. Toxins. 2010; 2(7):1718-1750.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Varga, János; Kocsubé, Sándor; Péteri, Zsanett; Vágvölgyi, Csaba; Tóth, Beáta. 2010. "Chemical, Physical and Biological Approaches to Prevent Ochratoxin Induced Toxicoses in Humans and Animals." Toxins 2, no. 7: 1718-1750.


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