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Toxins 2010, 2(7), 1796-1824; doi:10.3390/toxins2071796
Review

Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production

* ,
 and
Dipartimento di Scienze Zootecniche, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Via De Nicola 9, 07100 Sassari, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2010 / Revised: 24 June 2010 / Accepted: 6 July 2010 / Published: 8 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ochratoxins)
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Abstract

Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination often causes large economic losses on livestock production. The intake of feed contaminated by OTA also represents a potential risk for animal health and a food safety issue due to the transfer of the toxin through the food chain to humans. The aim of this paper is to review the available literature on: (1) the frequency and degree of occurrence of OTA in different feedstuffs; (2) the toxicological effects of OTA intake on the performance of the main livestock (i.e., poultry, swine, cattle, goats and sheep); and (3) the transfer of OTA, or its metabolites, from animal feed into animal products such as milk, meat and eggs.
Keywords: Ochratoxin A; livestock performance; livestock health; food safety Ochratoxin A; livestock performance; livestock health; food safety
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Battacone, G.; Nudda, A.; Pulina, G. Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production. Toxins 2010, 2, 1796-1824.

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