Toxins 2010, 2(7), 1796-1824; doi:10.3390/toxins2071796
Review

Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production

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Received: 4 June 2010; in revised form: 24 June 2010 / Accepted: 6 July 2010 / Published: 8 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ochratoxins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination often causes large economic losses on livestock production. The intake of feed contaminated by OTA also represents a potential risk for animal health and a food safety issue due to the transfer of the toxin through the food chain to humans. The aim of this paper is to review the available literature on: (1) the frequency and degree of occurrence of OTA in different feedstuffs; (2) the toxicological effects of OTA intake on the performance of the main livestock (i.e., poultry, swine, cattle, goats and sheep); and (3) the transfer of OTA, or its metabolites, from animal feed into animal products such as milk, meat and eggs.
Keywords: Ochratoxin A; livestock performance; livestock health; food safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Battacone, G.; Nudda, A.; Pulina, G. Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production. Toxins 2010, 2, 1796-1824.

AMA Style

Battacone G, Nudda A, Pulina G. Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production. Toxins. 2010; 2(7):1796-1824.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Battacone, Gianni; Nudda, Anna; Pulina, Giuseppe. 2010. "Effects of Ochratoxin A on Livestock Production." Toxins 2, no. 7: 1796-1824.


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