Next Article in Journal
Host-Toxin Interactions Involving EspC and Pet, Two Serine Protease Autotransporters of the Enterobacteriaceae
Next Article in Special Issue
Ochratoxin A in Portugal: A Review to Assess Human Exposure
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Ochratoxin A Producing Species in the Genus Penicillium
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Toxins 2010, 2(5), 1121-1133; doi:10.3390/toxins2051121

Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation

Laboratory of Food Toxicology, National Institute of Health (INH), 27 Avenue Ibn Battouta, P.O. Box 769, Rabat-Agdal, Morocco
Received: 2 April 2010 / Revised: 16 April 2010 / Accepted: 13 May 2010 / Published: 14 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ochratoxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [216 KB, uploaded 14 May 2010]   |  

Abstract

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is secondary metabolite naturally produced in food and feed by toxigenic fungi, especially some Aspergillus species and Penicillium verucosum. OTA is one of the most studied mycotoxins and is of great interest due to its toxic effects on human and animals. OTA is produced in different food and feed matrices and contaminates a large range of base foods including cereals and derivatives, spices, dried fruits, wine and coffee, etc. Morocco, a North African country, has a climate characterized by high humidity and temperature, which probably favors the growth of molds. This contribution gives an overview of principal investigations about the presence of OTA in foods available in Morocco. Due to its toxicity, OTA presence is increasingly regulated worldwide, especially in countries of the European Union. However, up until now, no regulation limits were in force in Morocco, probably due to the ignorance of the health and economic problems resulting from OTA contamination. Finally, recommendations and future research directions are given required to assess the situation completely. View Full-Text
Keywords: ochratoxin A; occurrence; legislation; food; Morocco ochratoxin A; occurrence; legislation; food; Morocco
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zinedine, A. Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation. Toxins 2010, 2, 1121-1133.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top