Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Toxins 2010, 2(5), 1121-1133; doi:10.3390/toxins2051121
Review

Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation

Received: 2 April 2010; in revised form: 16 April 2010 / Accepted: 13 May 2010 / Published: 14 May 2010
(This article belongs to the collection Ochratoxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [216 KB, uploaded 14 May 2010]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is secondary metabolite naturally produced in food and feed by toxigenic fungi, especially some Aspergillus species and Penicillium verucosum. OTA is one of the most studied mycotoxins and is of great interest due to its toxic effects on human and animals. OTA is produced in different food and feed matrices and contaminates a large range of base foods including cereals and derivatives, spices, dried fruits, wine and coffee, etc. Morocco, a North African country, has a climate characterized by high humidity and temperature, which probably favors the growth of molds. This contribution gives an overview of principal investigations about the presence of OTA in foods available in Morocco. Due to its toxicity, OTA presence is increasingly regulated worldwide, especially in countries of the European Union. However, up until now, no regulation limits were in force in Morocco, probably due to the ignorance of the health and economic problems resulting from OTA contamination. Finally, recommendations and future research directions are given required to assess the situation completely.
Keywords: ochratoxin A; occurrence; legislation; food; Morocco ochratoxin A; occurrence; legislation; food; Morocco
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Zinedine, A. Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation. Toxins 2010, 2, 1121-1133.

AMA Style

Zinedine A. Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation. Toxins. 2010; 2(5):1121-1133.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zinedine, Abdellah. 2010. "Ochratoxin A in Moroccan Foods: Occurrence and Legislation." Toxins 2, no. 5: 1121-1133.



Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert