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Nutrients 2015, 7(3), 1618-1643; doi:10.3390/nu7031618

Nutrition and Respiratory Health—Feature Review

Centre for Asthma and Respiratory Diseases, Level 2, Hunter Medical Research Institute, University of Newcastle, Lot 1 Kookaburra Circuit, New Lambton Heights, NSW 2305, Australia
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Received: 19 January 2015 / Revised: 15 February 2015 / Accepted: 15 February 2015 / Published: 5 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Respiratory Disease)
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Abstract

Diet and nutrition may be important modifiable risk factors for the development, progression and management of obstructive lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This review examines the relationship between dietary patterns, nutrient intake and weight status in obstructive lung diseases, at different life stages, from in-utero influences through childhood and into adulthood. In vitro and animal studies suggest important roles for various nutrients, some of which are supported by epidemiological studies. However, few well-designed human intervention trials are available to definitively assess the efficacy of different approaches to nutritional management of respiratory diseases. Evidence for the impact of higher intakes of fruit and vegetables is amongst the strongest, yet other dietary nutrients and dietary patterns require evidence from human clinical studies before conclusions can be made about their effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory disease; asthma; COPD; dietary patterns; antioxidants; vitamin C; vitamin E; flavonoids; vitamin D; obesity; adipokines; undernutrition respiratory disease; asthma; COPD; dietary patterns; antioxidants; vitamin C; vitamin E; flavonoids; vitamin D; obesity; adipokines; undernutrition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Berthon, B.S.; Wood, L.G. Nutrition and Respiratory Health—Feature Review. Nutrients 2015, 7, 1618-1643.

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