Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Maternal Lipid Concentrations during Early Pregnancy and Eating Behaviour and Energy Intake in the Offspring
Previous Article in Journal
Paeoniflorin Ameliorates Fructose-Induced Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Steatosis by Activating LKB1/AMPK and AKT Pathways
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviours in African Migrant Women Living in High Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Framework Synthesis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1025; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081025

Low Dietary Intakes of Essential Nutrients during Pregnancy in Vietnam

1
National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
3
Department of Nutrition and Food, Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
4
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
5
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong 180000, Vietnam
6
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen 250000, Vietnam
7
Department of Sexual & Reproductive Health, United Nations Population Fund, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 1 August 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 6 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrient Requirements and Dietary Intakes of Women during Pregnancy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [261 KB, uploaded 6 August 2018]

Abstract

Inadequate intake of nutrients during pregnancy has been associated with poor pregnancy and infant outcomes; however, evidence remains limited in low-resource settings in Asia. This paper assessed food, macronutrient, and micronutrient intakes among 1944 Vietnamese pregnant women. Dietary information was collected via an interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire, and nutrient intakes were estimated using the Vietnamese food composition tables. The levels of nutrient intakes were evaluated against the Vietnamese recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) for pregnancy. The diet profiles were reported as means and percentages. The average daily food intakes across socio-demographic factors were compared using ANOVA, with adjustment for multiple comparisons by the Tukey–Kramer test. Rice, fruits, and vegetables were the main food sources consumed. The mean energy intake was 2004 kcal/day with 15.9%, 31.8%, and 52.2% of energy deriving from proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, respectively. Just over half of the women did not meet the RNI for total energy intake. The intakes of essential micronutrients including folate, calcium, iron, and zinc were below the RNI, and almost all pregnant women failed to meet the recommendations for these micronutrients. The associations of maternal age, education, and pre-pregnancy body mass index with nutrient intakes varied across the nutrient subgroups. Targeted programs are needed to improve nutrient intakes in Vietnamese pregnant women. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary intake; food intake; nutrients; macronutrients; micronutrients; pregnancy; Vietnam dietary intake; food intake; nutrients; macronutrients; micronutrients; pregnancy; Vietnam
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, C.L.; Hoang, D.V.; Nguyen, P.T.H.; Ha, A.V.V.; Chu, T.K.; Pham, N.M.; Lee, A.H.; Duong, D.V.; Binns, C.W. Low Dietary Intakes of Essential Nutrients during Pregnancy in Vietnam. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1025.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top