Future Internet 2013, 5(2), 205-236; doi:10.3390/fi5020205
Review

A Review of Cyber Threats and Defence Approaches in Emergency Management

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Received: 17 February 2013; in revised form: 19 March 2013 / Accepted: 10 April 2013 / Published: 7 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emergency Management, Communications and the Internet)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Emergency planners, first responders and relief workers increasingly rely on computational and communication systems that support all aspects of emergency management, from mitigation and preparedness to response and recovery. Failure of these systems, whether accidental or because of malicious action, can have severe implications for emergency management. Accidental failures have been extensively documented in the past and significant effort has been put into the development and introduction of more resilient technologies. At the same time researchers have been raising concerns about the potential of cyber attacks to cause physical disasters or to maximise the impact of one by intentionally impeding the work of the emergency services. Here, we provide a review of current research on the cyber threats to communication, sensing, information management and vehicular technologies used in emergency management. We emphasise on open issues for research, which are the cyber threats that have the potential to affect emergency management severely and for which solutions have not yet been proposed in the literature.
Keywords: survey; pervasive computing; network-level security and protection; physical security; emergency management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Loukas, G.; Gan, D.; Vuong, T. A Review of Cyber Threats and Defence Approaches in Emergency Management. Future Internet 2013, 5, 205-236.

AMA Style

Loukas G, Gan D, Vuong T. A Review of Cyber Threats and Defence Approaches in Emergency Management. Future Internet. 2013; 5(2):205-236.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loukas, George; Gan, Diane; Vuong, Tuan. 2013. "A Review of Cyber Threats and Defence Approaches in Emergency Management." Future Internet 5, no. 2: 205-236.

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