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A Review of Cyber Threats and Defence Approaches in Emergency Management
Future Internet 2013, 5(3), 336-354; doi:10.3390/fi5030336
Review

Future Research on Cyber-Physical Emergency Management Systems

1,*  and 2
1 Intelligent Systems and Networks Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK 2 Department of Computer Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2013 / Accepted: 17 June 2013 / Published: 27 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emergency Management, Communications and the Internet)
Download PDF [183 KB, uploaded 27 June 2013]

Abstract

Cyber-physical systems that include human beings and vehicles in a built environment, such as a building or a city, together with sensor networks and decision support systems have attracted much attention. In emergencies, which also include mobile searchers and rescuers, the interactions among civilians and the environment become much more diverse, and the complexity of the emergency response also becomes much greater. This paper surveys current research on sensor-assisted evacuation and rescue systems and discusses the related research issues concerning communication protocols for sensor networks, as well as several other important issues, such as the integrated asynchronous control of large-scale emergency response systems, knowledge discovery for rescue and prototyping platforms. Then, we suggest directions for further research.
Keywords: cyber-physical systems; emergency navigation; pervasive computing; search and rescue systems; wireless sensor networks cyber-physical systems; emergency navigation; pervasive computing; search and rescue systems; wireless sensor networks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gelenbe, E.; Wu, F.-J. Future Research on Cyber-Physical Emergency Management Systems. Future Internet 2013, 5, 336-354.

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