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Viruses 2014, 6(8), 2974-2990; doi:10.3390/v6082974

Lyssaviruses and Bats: Emergence and Zoonotic Threat

1
Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector Borne Disease Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
2
University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, West Midlands CV4 7AL, UK
3
State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bio-Resources, College of Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
4
Department of Clinical Infections, University of Liverpool, Microbiology and Immunology, Daulby Street, Liverpool L69 3GA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2014 / Revised: 21 July 2014 / Accepted: 22 July 2014 / Published: 4 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats)
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Abstract

The continued detection of zoonotic viral infections in bats has led to the microbial fauna of these mammals being studied at a greater level than ever before. Whilst numerous pathogens have been discovered in bat species, infection with lyssaviruses is of particular significance from a zoonotic perspective as, where human infection has been reported, it is invariably fatal. Here we review the detection of lyssaviruses within different bat species and overview what is understood regarding their maintenance and transmission following both experimental and natural infection. We discuss the relevance of these pathogens as zoonotic agents and the threat of newly discovered viruses to human populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: rabies; bats; lyssaviruses; emergence; zoonoses rabies; bats; lyssaviruses; emergence; zoonoses
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Banyard, A.C.; Evans, J.S.; Luo, T.R.; Fooks, A.R. Lyssaviruses and Bats: Emergence and Zoonotic Threat. Viruses 2014, 6, 2974-2990.

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