Viruses 2014, 6(5), 1929-1973; doi:10.3390/v6051929
Review

Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil

Received: 25 November 2013; in revised form: 3 February 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hantaviruses)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Since the recognition of hantavirus as the agent responsible for haemorrhagic fever in Eurasia in the 1970s and, 20 years later, the descovery of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in the Americas, the genus Hantavirus has been continually described throughout the World in a variety of wild animals. The diversity of wild animals infected with hantaviruses has only recently come into focus as a result of expanded wildlife studies. The known reservoirs are more than 80, belonging to 51 species of rodents, 7 bats (order Chiroptera) and 20 shrews and moles (order Soricomorpha). More than 80genetically related viruses have been classified within Hantavirus genus; 25 recognized as human pathogens responsible for a large spectrum of diseases in the Old and New World. In Brazil, where the diversity of mammals and especially rodents is considered one of the largest in the world, 9 hantavirus genotypes have been identified in 12 rodent species belonging to the genus Akodon, Calomys, Holochilus, Oligoryzomys, Oxymycterus, Necromys and Rattus. Considering the increasing number of animals that have been implicated as reservoirs of different hantaviruses, the understanding of this diversity is important for evaluating the risk of distinct hantavirus species as human pathogens.
Keywords: hantavirus; reservoirs; hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Oliveira, R.C.; Guterres, A.; Fernandes, J.; D'Andrea, P.S.; Bonvicino, C.R.; de Lemos, E.R.S. Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil. Viruses 2014, 6, 1929-1973.

AMA Style

de Oliveira RC, Guterres A, Fernandes J, D'Andrea PS, Bonvicino CR, de Lemos ERS. Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil. Viruses. 2014; 6(5):1929-1973.

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Oliveira, Renata C.; Guterres, Alexandro; Fernandes, Jorlan; D'Andrea, Paulo S.; Bonvicino, Cibele R.; de Lemos, Elba R.S. 2014. "Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil." Viruses 6, no. 5: 1929-1973.

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