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Reverse Transcriptase and Cellular Factors: Regulators of HIV-1 Reverse Transcription
Division of Infectious Diseases, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
School of Natural Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia
Griffith Medical Research College, a joint program of Griffith University and the Queensland Institute of Medical Research, QIMR, Herston, QLD, 4006, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2009; in revised form: 6 November 2009 / Accepted: 9 November 2009 / Published: 10 November 2009
Abstract: There is ample evidence that synthesis of HIV-1 proviral DNA from the viral RNA genome during reverse transcription requires host factors. However, only a few cellular proteins have been described in detail that affect reverse transcription and interact with reverse transcriptase (RT). HIV-1 integrase is an RT binding protein and a number of IN-binding proteins including INI1, components of the Sin3a complex, and Gemin2 affect reverse transcription. In addition, recent studies implicate the cellular proteins HuR, AKAP149, and DNA topoisomerase I in reverse transcription through an interaction with RT. In this review we will consider interactions of reverse transcription complex with viral and cellular factors and how they affect the reverse transcription process.
Keywords: HIV-1; reverse transcriptase; HuR; AKAP149; DNA topoisomerase I; Sin3a; HDAC1; SAP18; SAP; SMN; Gemin2; lysl-tRNA synthetase; INI1; DHX9; APOBEC3G
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MDPI and ACS Style
Warren, K.; Warrilow, D.; Meredith, L.; Harrich, D. Reverse Transcriptase and Cellular Factors: Regulators of HIV-1 Reverse Transcription. Viruses 2009, 1, 873-894.
Warren K, Warrilow D, Meredith L, Harrich D. Reverse Transcriptase and Cellular Factors: Regulators of HIV-1 Reverse Transcription. Viruses. 2009; 1(3):873-894.
Warren, Kylie; Warrilow, David; Meredith, Luke; Harrich, David. 2009. "Reverse Transcriptase and Cellular Factors: Regulators of HIV-1 Reverse Transcription." Viruses 1, no. 3: 873-894.