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Viruses 2009, 1(3), 1057-1072; doi:10.3390/v1031057

A Closer Look at the NS1 of Influenza Virus

*  and
OIE/FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Avian influenza and Newcastle Disease, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell’ Università, 10, Legnaro (PD), 35020, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2009 / Revised: 13 November 2009 / Accepted: 25 November 2009 / Published: 26 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influenza: Pandemics and Vaccinations)
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The Non-Structural 1 (NS1) protein is a multifactorial protein of type A influenza viruses that plays an important role in the virulence of the virus. A large amount of what we know about this protein has been obtained from studies using human influenza isolates and, consequently, the human NS1 protein. The current global interest in avian influenza, however, has highlighted a number of sequence and functional differences between the human and avian NS1. This review discusses these differences in addition to describing potential uses of NS1 in the management and control of avian influenza outbreaks.
Keywords: Non-Structural 1 protein; carboxy terminal; avian influenza; vaccination; DIVA Non-Structural 1 protein; carboxy terminal; avian influenza; vaccination; DIVA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Dundon, W.G.; Capua, I. A Closer Look at the NS1 of Influenza Virus. Viruses 2009, 1, 1057-1072.

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