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Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students
Department of Psychological Science, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41042, USA
Received: 3 June 2011; in revised form: 30 July 2011 / Accepted: 30 July 2011 / Published: 5 August 2011
Abstract: Binge drinking in college students is widespread and known to cause significant harms and health hazards for the drinker. One factor that may be exacerbating hazardous drinking in young people is the new popular trend of consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). However, rates of AmED use and motivations for AmED consumption in college students have not been well established. In this study, 706 undergraduate college students from a university in the United States participated in a web-based survey that queried self-reported alcohol, energy drink, and AmED use. In addition, motivations for using AmEDs were assessed. The results indicated that for all participants, 81% reported that they have tried at least one energy drink in the past and 36% reported consumption of at least one energy drink in the past 2 weeks. Alcohol consumption patterns were similar to findings from U.S. national surveys of college drinking, as 37% of respondents were classified as binge drinkers and 23% abstained from drinking. In the whole sample (including the alcohol abstainers), 44% reported trying AmED at least once and 9% reported AmED consumption at least once in the past 2 weeks. 78% of respondents agreed with the statement that AmEDs appeal to underage drinkers. When AmED users were asked about various motivations for consuming AmEDs, users reported that they consumed these beverages to get drunk and reduce sedation compared to alcohol alone. In conclusion, the consumption of AmEDs is common in U.S. college students. Motivations for using AmEDs include the reduction of the sedative effects of alcohol, an important interoceptive cue that one should stop drinking.
Keywords: alcohol; energy drinks; college students; binge; motivation for use
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MDPI and ACS Style
Marczinski, C.A. Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3232-3245.
Marczinski CA. Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(8):3232-3245.
Marczinski, Cecile A. 2011. "Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 8: 3232-3245.