Next Article in Journal
The Dental Aesthetic Index and Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need as Tools in Epidemiological Studies
Next Article in Special Issue
A Literature Review of Cost-Benefit Analyses for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
Previous Article in Journal
Descriptive Study on Parents’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Cyprus
Previous Article in Special Issue
Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(8), 3263-3276; doi:10.3390/ijerph8083263
Article

Increasing and Decreasing Alcohol Use Trajectories Among Older Women in the U.S. Across a 10-Year Interval

*  and
Received: 2 June 2011; in revised form: 13 July 2011 / Accepted: 13 July 2011 / Published: 5 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [208 KB, updated 19 June 2014; original version uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Older women who routinely drink alcohol may experience health benefits, but they are also at risk for adverse effects. Despite the importance of their drinking patterns, few studies have analyzed longitudinal data on changes in drinking among community-based samples of women ages 50 and older. Reported here are findings from a semi-parametric group-based model that used data from 4,439 randomly sampled U.S. women who enrolled in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and completed ≥3 biannual alcohol assessments during 1998–2008. The best-fitting model based on the drinks per day data had four trajectories labeled as “Increasing Drinkers” (5.3% of sample), “Decreasing Drinkers” (5.9%), “Stable Drinkers” (24.2%), and “Non/Infrequent Drinkers” (64.6%). Using group assignments generated by the trajectory model, one adjusted logistic regression analysis contrasted the groups with low alcohol intake in 1998 (Increasing Drinkers and Non/Infrequent Drinkers). In this model, baseline education, physical activity, cigarette smoking, and binge drinking were significant factors. Another analysis compared the groups with higher intake in 1998 (Decreasing Drinkers versus Stable Drinkers). In this comparison, baseline depression, cigarette smoking, binge drinking, and retirement status were significant. Findings underscore the need to periodically counsel all older women on the risks and benefits of alcohol use.
Keywords: alcohol use; trajectories; older women; risk factors alcohol use; trajectories; older women; risk factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Bobo, J.K.; Greek, A.A. Increasing and Decreasing Alcohol Use Trajectories Among Older Women in the U.S. Across a 10-Year Interval. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3263-3276.

AMA Style

Bobo JK, Greek AA. Increasing and Decreasing Alcohol Use Trajectories Among Older Women in the U.S. Across a 10-Year Interval. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(8):3263-3276.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bobo, Janet Kay; Greek, April A. 2011. "Increasing and Decreasing Alcohol Use Trajectories Among Older Women in the U.S. Across a 10-Year Interval." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 8: 3263-3276.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert