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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(8), 3150-3195; doi:10.3390/ijerph7083150
Review

Economic Evaluation of Lifestyle Interventions for Preventing Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases

1,2
, 1,2,3,*  and 4
Received: 5 July 2010; in revised form: 23 July 2010 / Accepted: 5 August 2010 / Published: 9 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Economics)
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Abstract: Lifestyle interventions (i.e., diet and/or physical activity) are effective in delaying or preventing the onset of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, policymakers must know the cost-effectiveness of such interventions before implementing them at the large-scale population level. This review discusses various issues (e.g., characteristics, modeling, and long-term effectiveness) in the economic evaluation of lifestyle interventions for the primary and secondary prevention of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The diverse nature of lifestyle interventions, i.e., type of intervention, means of provision, target groups, setting, and methodology, are the main obstacles to comparing evaluation results. However, most lifestyle interventions are among the intervention options usually regarded as cost-effective. Diabetes prevention programs, such as interventions starting with targeted or universal screening, childhood obesity prevention, and community-based interventions, have reported favorable cost-effectiveness ratios.
Keywords: lifestyle interventions; economic evaluation; Markov model; long-term effectiveness; primary prevention; secondary prevention; diabetes; cardiovascular
disease; cost-effectiveness
lifestyle interventions; economic evaluation; Markov model; long-term effectiveness; primary prevention; secondary prevention; diabetes; cardiovascular
disease
; cost-effectiveness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Saha, S.; Gerdtham, U.-G.; Johansson, P. Economic Evaluation of Lifestyle Interventions for Preventing Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3150-3195.

AMA Style

Saha S, Gerdtham U-G, Johansson P. Economic Evaluation of Lifestyle Interventions for Preventing Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(8):3150-3195.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saha, Sanjib; Gerdtham, Ulf-G; Johansson, Pia. 2010. "Economic Evaluation of Lifestyle Interventions for Preventing Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 8: 3150-3195.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert