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Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities
Center for Public Health Research (CSISP), Avda Catalunya 21, 46020, Valencia, Spain
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Doctor Aiguader, 88 1ª Planta, 8003 Barcelona, Spain
Valencian School for Studies on Health (EVES), Juan de Garay 21, 46017, Valencia, Spain
University of Valencia, Jaume Roig s/n, 46010, Valencia, Spain
Research Institute, Hospital Vall d’Hebrón, Passeig Vall d’Hebron, 119-129 08035 Barcelona, Spain
Departament d’Economia, University of Girona, Campus de Montilivi 17071 Girona, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2010; in revised form: 28 July 2010 / Accepted: 6 August 2010 / Published: 11 August 2010
Abstract: In this study we examined the shape of the association between temperature and mortality in 13 Spanish cities representing a wide range of climatic and socio-demographic conditions. The temperature value linked with minimum mortality (MMT) and the slopes before and after the turning point (MMT) were calculated. Most cities showed a V-shaped temperature-mortality relationship. MMTs were generally higher in cities with warmer climates. Cold and heat effects also depended on climate: effects were greater in hotter cities but lesser in cities with higher variability. The effect of heat was greater than the effect of cold. The effect of cold and MMT was, in general, greater for cardio-respiratory mortality than for total mortality, while the effect of heat was, in general, greater among the elderly.
Keywords: temperature; mortality; Spain
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Iñiguez, C.; Ballester, F.; Ferrandiz, J.; Pérez-Hoyos, S.; Sáez, M.; López, A. Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3196-3210.
Iñiguez C, Ballester F, Ferrandiz J, Pérez-Hoyos S, Sáez M, López A. Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(8):3196-3210.
Iñiguez, Carmen; Ballester, Ferran; Ferrandiz, Juan; Pérez-Hoyos, Santiago; Sáez, Marc; López, Antonio. 2010. "Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 8: 3196-3210.