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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(8), 3196-3210; doi:10.3390/ijerph7083196

Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities

1,2,3,4,* , 4,†, 2,3,5
1 Center for Public Health Research (CSISP), Avda Catalunya 21, 46020, Valencia, Spain 2 Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Doctor Aiguader, 88 1ª Planta, 8003 Barcelona, Spain 3 Valencian School for Studies on Health (EVES), Juan de Garay 21, 46017, Valencia, Spain 4 University of Valencia, Jaume Roig s/n, 46010, Valencia, Spain 5 Research Institute, Hospital Vall d’Hebrón, Passeig Vall d’Hebron, 119-129 08035 Barcelona, Spain 6 Departament d’Economia, University of Girona, Campus de Montilivi 17071 Girona, Spain In memoriam
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2010 / Revised: 28 July 2010 / Accepted: 6 August 2010 / Published: 11 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health Impacts and Adaptation)
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In this study we examined the shape of the association between temperature and mortality in 13 Spanish cities representing a wide range of climatic and socio-demographic conditions. The temperature value linked with minimum mortality (MMT) and the slopes before and after the turning point (MMT) were calculated. Most cities showed a V-shaped temperature-mortality relationship. MMTs were generally higher in cities with warmer climates. Cold and heat effects also depended on climate: effects were greater in hotter cities but lesser in cities with higher variability. The effect of heat was greater than the effect of cold. The effect of cold and MMT was, in general, greater for cardio-respiratory mortality than for total mortality, while the effect of heat was, in general, greater among the elderly.
Keywords: temperature; mortality; Spain temperature; mortality; Spain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Iñiguez, C.; Ballester, F.; Ferrandiz, J.; Pérez-Hoyos, S.; Sáez, M.; López, A. Relation between Temperature and Mortality in Thirteen Spanish Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3196-3210.

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