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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(8), 3141-3149; doi:10.3390/ijerph7083141
Article

The Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: Insights from Economic Analysis

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 24 June 2010; in revised form: 27 July 2010 / Accepted: 30 July 2010 / Published: 9 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract: The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR) limits the therapeutic options for treatment of infections, and increases the social benefit from disease prevention. Like an environmental resource, antimicrobials require stewardship. The effectiveness of an antimicrobial agent is a global public good. We argue for greater use of economic analysis as an input to policy discussion about AR, including for understanding the incentives underlying health behaviors that spawn AR, and to supplement other methods of tracing the evolution of AR internationally. We also discuss integrating antimicrobial stewardship into global health governance.The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR) limits the therapeutic options for treatment of infections, and increases the social benefit from disease prevention. Like an environmental resource, antimicrobials require stewardship. The effectiveness of an antimicrobial agent is a global public good. We argue for greater use of economic analysis as an input to policy discussion about AR, including for understanding the incentives underlying health behaviors that spawn AR, and to supplement other methods of tracing the evolution of AR internationally. We also discuss integrating antimicrobial stewardship into global health governance.
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance; economic analysis; drug resistance; behavioral economics antimicrobial resistance; economic analysis; drug resistance; behavioral economics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Eggleston, K.; Zhang, R.; Zeckhauser, R.J. The Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: Insights from Economic Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3141-3149.

AMA Style

Eggleston K, Zhang R, Zeckhauser RJ. The Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: Insights from Economic Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(8):3141-3149.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eggleston, Karen; Zhang, Ruifang; Zeckhauser, Richard J. 2010. "The Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: Insights from Economic Analysis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 8: 3141-3149.


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