Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(7), 2881-2895; doi:10.3390/ijerph7072881
Article

On Measurement of Avoidable and Unavoidable Cost of Alcohol: An Application of Method for Estimating Costs Due To Prior Consumption

1 Health Economics & Management, Institute of Economic Research, Lund University, P.O. Box 117, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden 2 Center for Primary Health Care Research, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University/Region Skåne, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden 3 Economics Department, Lund University, P.O. Box 117, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden 4 Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, Scotland, UK 5 Economics Studies, University of Dundee, Perth Rd, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2010; Accepted: 9 July 2010 / Published: 16 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Economics)
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Abstract: This study estimates the avoidable and unavoidable costs of alcohol-related, liver cirrhosis inpatient care, controlling for the lag structure and period of decline in disease risk. Lag structures with different lengths are applied to the exposure to risk from alcohol consumption, which allows for differentiation between avoidable and unavoidable cases due to prior consumption. A lag length of 20 (men) and 23 (women) years (expected remaining life years) gives a total cost of 592 million SEK. Given alcohol consumption is reduced to zero, 72% of cost could potentially be avoided. It is important to account for the length and structure of the risk decline following a consumption change as this substantially affects the estimates.
Keywords: alcohol consumption; avoidable costs; lag structure; liver cirrhosis

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jarl, J.; Gerdtham, U.-G.; Ludbrook, A.; Petrie, D. On Measurement of Avoidable and Unavoidable Cost of Alcohol: An Application of Method for Estimating Costs Due To Prior Consumption. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2881-2895.

AMA Style

Jarl J, Gerdtham U-G, Ludbrook A, Petrie D. On Measurement of Avoidable and Unavoidable Cost of Alcohol: An Application of Method for Estimating Costs Due To Prior Consumption. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(7):2881-2895.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jarl, Johan; Gerdtham, Ulf-G.; Ludbrook, Anne; Petrie, Dennis. 2010. "On Measurement of Avoidable and Unavoidable Cost of Alcohol: An Application of Method for Estimating Costs Due To Prior Consumption." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 7: 2881-2895.

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