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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 710; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070710

A Multilevel Study of Students in Vietnam: Drinking Motives and Drinking Context as Predictors of Alcohol Consumption

1
Department of Health Promotion, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, The Netherlands
2
Department of Methodology and Statistics, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, Debeyeplein 1 (1st Floor), Postbus 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, The Netherlands
Current address: No. 1 Ton That Tung Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi City, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Amie Hayley and Joris Cornelis Verster
Received: 13 April 2016 / Revised: 31 May 2016 / Accepted: 4 July 2016 / Published: 13 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Substance and Drug Abuse Prevention)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [291 KB, uploaded 13 July 2016]

Abstract

Background: This study used multi-level analysis to estimate which type of factor explains most of the variance in alcohol consumption of Vietnamese students. Methods: Data were collected among 6011 students attending 12 universities/faculties in four provinces in Vietnam. The three most recent drinking occasions were investigated per student, resulting in 12,795 drinking occasions among 4265 drinkers. Students reported on 10 aspects of the drinking context per drinking occasion. A multi-level mixed-effects linear regression model was constructed in which aspects of drinking context composed the first level; the age of students and four drinking motives comprised the second level. The dependent variable was the number of drinks. Results: Of the aspects of context, drinking duration had the strongest association with alcohol consumption while, at the individual level, coping motive had the strongest association. The drinking context characteristics explained more variance than the individual characteristics in alcohol intake per occasion. Conclusions: These findings suggest that, among students in Vietnam, the drinking context explains a larger proportion of the variance in alcohol consumption than the drinking motives. Therefore, measures that reduce the availability of alcohol in specific drinking situations are an essential part of an effective prevention policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking motives; drinking context; alcohol intake; students; Vietnam drinking motives; drinking context; alcohol intake; students; Vietnam
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Diep, P.B.; Tan, F.E.S.; Knibbe, R.A.; De Vries, N. A Multilevel Study of Students in Vietnam: Drinking Motives and Drinking Context as Predictors of Alcohol Consumption. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 710.

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