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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(6), 522; doi:10.3390/ijerph13060522

Alcoholic Beverage Consumption and Chronic Diseases

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Sassoon Road, Hong Kong 999077, China
3
South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Amie Hayley and Joris Cornelis Verster
Received: 13 January 2016 / Revised: 12 May 2016 / Accepted: 16 May 2016 / Published: 24 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Substance and Drug Abuse Prevention)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [540 KB, uploaded 24 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Epidemiological and experimental studies have consistently linked alcoholic beverage consumption with the development of several chronic disorders, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The impact of drinking is usually dose-dependent, and light to moderate drinking tends to lower risks of certain diseases, while heavy drinking tends to increase the risks. Besides, other factors such as drinking frequency, genetic susceptibility, smoking, diet, and hormone status can modify the association. The amount of ethanol in alcoholic beverages is the determining factor in most cases, and beverage types could also make an influence. This review summarizes recent studies on alcoholic beverage consumption and several chronic diseases, trying to assess the effects of different drinking patterns, beverage types, interaction with other risk factors, and provide mechanistic explanations. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcoholic beverage; wine; cancer; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; obesity alcoholic beverage; wine; cancer; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; obesity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Y.; Zheng, J.; Li, S.; Zhou, T.; Zhang, P.; Li, H.-B. Alcoholic Beverage Consumption and Chronic Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 522.

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